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  1. Content type: Research article

    Lifestyle-related diseases such as diabetes are steadily increasing worldwide. In Sudan, there are a variety of plant species used traditionally for the treatment of diabetes, obesity and other symptoms which ...

    Authors: Sara Mustafa Idris Elbashir, Hari Prasad Devkota, Mikiyo Wada, Naoki Kishimoto, Masataka Moriuchi, Tsuyoshi Shuto, Shogo Misumi, Hirofumi Kai and Takashi Watanabe

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:282

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Spondias tuberosa is a plant that produces a fruit crop with high economic relevance at Brazilian Caatinga. Its roots and leaves are used in folk medicine.

    Authors: Bruna Maria Pereira da Costa Cordeiro, Nataly Diniz de Lima Santos, Magda Rhayanny Assunção Ferreira, Larissa Cardoso Corrêa de Araújo, Alexsander Rodrigues Carvalho Junior, Alan Diego da Conceição Santos, Ana Paula de Oliveira, Alexandre Gomes da Silva, Emerson Peter da Silva Falcão, Maria Tereza dos Santos Correia, Jackson Roberto Guedes da Silva Almeida, Luís Cláudio Nascimento da Silva, Luiz Alberto Lira Soares, Thiago Henrique Napoleão, Márcia Vanusa da Silva and Patrícia Maria Guedes Paiva

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:284

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Crataeva nurvala Buch-Hum is an indigenous herb, extensively used in traditional medicines of the South Asian countries to treat inflammation, rheumatic fever, gastric irritation, and constipation. Despite this w...

    Authors: Md Moniruzzaman, Md Abdul Mannan, Md Farhad Hossen Khan, Ariful Basher Abir and Mirola Afroze

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:283

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  4. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of combinations of steroidal alkaloids and conessine from the Thai medicinal plant Holarrhena antidysenterica with antibiotics against Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains poss...

    Authors: Thanyaluck Siriyong, Supayang Piyawan Voravuthikunchai and Peter John Coote

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:285

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Although a quarter of Americans are estimated to have multiple chronic conditions, information on the impact of chronic disease dyads and triads on use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is scarce...

    Authors: Justice Mbizo, Anthony Okafor, Melanie A. Sutton, Bryan Leyva, Leauna M. Stone and Oluwadamilola Olaku

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:281

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Rest or acute exercise can decrease state anxiety, with some evidence showing exercise to prevent laboratory-induced elevations in anxiety. No study has examined whether yoga provides short-term protection aga...

    Authors: Kembra Albracht-Schulte and Jacalyn Robert-McComb

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:280

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  7. Content type: Study protocol

    Osteoarthritis (OA) is not limited to joint pain and stiffness, which can lead to disability; it is also linked to comorbidities such as overweight, obesity and fears and beliefs related to the pathology. The ...

    Authors: Chloe Gay, Candy Guiguet-Auclair, Bruno Pereira, Anna Goldstein, Loïc Bareyre, Nicolas Coste and Emmanuel Coudeyre

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:279

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Acanthus ebracteatus (AE), an herb native to Asia, has been recognized in traditional folk medicine not only for its antioxidant properties and various pharmacological activities but also as an ingredient of long...

    Authors: Anchalee Prasansuklab and Tewin Tencomnao

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:278

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Traditional Chinese medicine injections (TCMIs) have been widely used to treat severe and acute diseases due to their high bioavailability, accurate curative effect, and rapid effect. However, incidence rates ...

    Authors: Chunxiao Li, Tao Xu, Peng Zhou, Junhua Zhang, Ge Guan, Hui Zhang, Xiao Ling, Weixia Li, Fei Meng, Guanping Liu, Linyan Lv, Jun Yuan, Xuelin Li and Mingjun Zhu

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:277

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  10. Content type: Retraction Note

    The editor has retracted this article [1] due to overlap with a previously published article [2]. Both articles also appear to use the same image representing different fungal mycelial growths. S.K. Sharma and...

    Authors: Sapan Kumar Sharma, Nandini Gautam and Narender Singh Atri

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:276

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    The original article was published in BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2015 15:446

  11. Content type: Research article

    Cistanche tubulosa (Schenk) R. Wight is a traditional Chinese medicine that parasitizes the roots of the Tamarix plant and has been used to treat male impotence, sterility, body weakness, and as a tonic. However,...

    Authors: Pengfei Yuan, Jinyu Li, Adila Aipire, Yi Yang, Lijie Xia, Xinhui Wang, Yijie Li and Jinyao Li

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:275

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Cucumis prophetarum var. prophetarum is used in Saudi folk medicine for treating liver disorders and grows widely between Abha and Khamis Mushait City, Saudi Arabia.

    Authors: Abdulrhman Alsayari, Lucas Kopel, Mahmoud Salama Ahmed, Hesham S. M. Soliman, Sivakumar Annadurai and Fathi T. Halaweish

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:274

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Sutherlandia frutescens is one of the most promising commercialized, indigenous and medicinal plants of South Africa that is used as an immune-booster, and a traditional treatment for cancer. However, few studies...

    Authors: Longsheng Chen, Minjie Xu, Zhunan Gong, Samkele Zonyane, Shuwen Xu and Nokwanda P. Makunga

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:273

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Tithonia diversifolia and T. rotundifolia belong to the Asteraceae family and are native to Mexico and Central America. These plants have become invasive in parts of tropical Africa and Asia where they have becom...

    Authors: Aitebiremen Gift Omokhua, Muna Ali Abdalla, Johannes Van Staden and Lyndy Joy McGaw

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:272

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The extracts of the ten selected Sri Lankan medicinal plants have been traditionally used in the treatment of inflammatory mediated diseases. The extracts were investigated for anti-inflammatory and anti-oxida...

    Authors: Hettiarachchige Dona Sachindra Melshandi Perera, Jayanetti Koralalage Ramani Radhika Samarasekera, Shiroma Mangalika Handunnetti, Ovitigala Vithanage Don Sisira Jagathpriya Weerasena, Hasitha Dhananjaya Weeratunga, Almas Jabeen and Muhammad Iqbal Choudhary

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:271

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Glutamate, the major excitatory neurotransmitter of CNS acts as a neurotoxin at higher concentrations. Prolonged activation of glutamate receptors results in progressive neuronal damage by aggravating calcium ...

    Authors: Anuradha Sharma and Gurcharan Kaur

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:268

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Chrysophyllum cainito L., a tropical fruit tree, has been used as an alternative medicine for the treatment of diabetic patients in many countries. However, there is very limited scientific rationale for this med...

    Authors: Hau Van Doan, Siriporn Riyajan, Roongtip Iyara and Nuannoi Chudapongse

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:267

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Dietary supplements (DS) are nutraceuticals that improve overall health and well-being of an individual as well as reduce the risk of diseases. Evidence indicates a rising prevalence of these products worldwid...

    Authors: Atta Abbas Naqvi, Rizwan Ahmad, Abdullah Abdul Wahid Elewi, Ayman Hussain AlAwa and Moayed Jafar Alasiri

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:269

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Oxidative stress plays a crucial role in aging-related phenomenon, including skin aging and photoaging. This study investigated the protective role and possible mechanism of Terminalia catappa L. methanolic extra...

    Authors: Ya-Han Huang, Po-Yuan Wu, Kuo-Ching Wen, Chien-Yih Lin and Hsiu-Mei Chiang

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:266

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Schisandra chinenesis (SC) has been reported to have ameliorative effect on osteoporosis. However, the mechanisms underlying the anti-osteoporosis activity of SC have not been clearly elucidated. In the present s...

    Authors: Eun-Jung Kim, Haesu Lee, Mi Hye Kim and Woong Mo Yang

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:270

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  21. Content type: Research article

    A substantial literature supports antidiabetic properties of the lanosteryl triterpene (methyl-3β-hydroxylanosta-9,24-dien-21-oate, RA-3) isolated from Protorhus longifolia stem bark. However, the molecular mecha...

    Authors: Mabhida Sihle Ephraim, Johnson Rabia, Ndlovu Musawenkosi, Sangweni Nonhlakanipho Felicia, Louw Johan, Opoku Andrew and Mosa Rebamang Anthony

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:265

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  22. Content type: Research article

    One of the most common orthopedic problems is the incidence of pressure ulcer followed by immobility. This study aimed to investigate the effect of Aloe Vera gel on the prevention of pressure ulcer in patients ho...

    Authors: Davood Hekmatpou, Fatemeh Mehrabi, Kobra Rahzani and Atefeh Aminiyan

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:264

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Euphorbia supina (ES) plant has been used as treatment for inflammatory conditions. The antibacterial effect and the anti-inflammatory mechanism of ES for Propionibacterium (P.) acnes-induced inflammation in THP-...

    Authors: Hyeon-Ji Lim, Yong-Deok Jeon, Sa-Haeng Kang, Min-Kyoung Shin, Ki-Min Lee, Se-Eun Jung, Ji-Yun Cha, Hoon-Yoen Lee, Bo-Ram Kim, Sung-Woo Hwang, Jong-Hyun Lee, Takashi Sugita, Otomi Cho, Hyun Myung, Jong-Sik Jin and Young-Mi Lee

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:263

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  24. Content type: Correction

    After the publication of this article [1] it came to our attention that one author, Boon Yin Khoo, was erroneously omitted from the authorship list.

    Authors: Elham Farsi, Mariam Ahmad, Sook Yee Hor, Mohamed B Khadeer Ahamed, Mun Fei Yam, Boon Yin Khoo and Mohd Zaini Asmawi

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:262

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    The original article was published in BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2014 14:220

  25. Content type: Research article

    Due to limitations of conventional medicine for atopic eczema (AE), complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is widely used as an alternative, maintaining, or simultaneous treatment for AE. We aimed to eva...

    Authors: Chun-li Lu, Xue-han Liu, Trine Stub, Agnete E. Kristoffersen, Shi-bing Liang, Xiao Wang, Xue Bai, Arne Johan Norheim, Frauke Musial, Terje Araek, Vinjar Fonnebo and Jian-ping Liu

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:260

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Antimicrobial resistance was one of serious worldwide problems confused many researchers. To solve this problem, we explored the antibacterial effect of chelerythrine, a natural compound from traditional Chine...

    Authors: Nan He, Peiqing Wang, Pengyu Wang, Changyang Ma and Wenyi Kang

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:261

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  27. Content type: Research article

    For decades, various cardiovascular symptoms have been relieved by the use of Ya-Hom Navakot, which is a formulation comprising 54 herbal medicines. The Thailand Ministry of Public Health listed Ya-Hom Navakot...

    Authors: Napatara Tirawanchai, Sudarat Supapornhemin, Anchaleekorn Somkasetrin, Bhoom Suktitipat and Sumate Ampawong

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:258

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Biologically-based complementary medicines (BB-CAM) including herbs and nutritional supplements are frequently taken by breast- and gynecological cancer patients undergoing systemic therapy. The aim of this st...

    Authors: Loisa Drozdoff, Evelyn Klein, Marion Kiechle and Daniela Paepke

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:259

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Pancreatic cancer is one of the most aggressive and mortal cancers. Although several drugs have been proposed for its treatment, it remains resistant and new alternatives are needed. In this context, plants an...

    Authors: Lamia Mouhid, Marta Gómez de Cedrón, Teodoro Vargas, Elena García-Carrascosa, Nieves Herranz, Mónica García-Risco, Guillermo Reglero, Tiziana Fornari and Ana Ramírez de Molina

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:254

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The male reproductive system is a sensitive and intricate process that can be distressed following exposure to various toxicants. Therapeutic drugs, especially chemotherapeutics, can also adversely affect male...

    Authors: Mona F. Schaalan, Basma K. Ramadan and Azza H. Abd Elwahab

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:255

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Mitochondrial dysfunction has been implicated in the pathogenesis of ischemic heart disease, exacerbating cardiomyocytes injury in myocardial infarction (MI). Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma c...

    Authors: Fanghe Li, Shuwen Guo, Chunguo Wang, Xiaolou Huang, Hui Wang, Xiaobo Tan, Qian Cai, Jiani Wu, Yuqin Zhang, Xi Chen, Wangou Lin and Binyue Zhang

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:253

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Euphorbia supina (ES) has been widely used in folk medicine owing to its antibacterial, hemostatic, and anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant and skin-whitening effec...

    Authors: Sa-Haeng Kang, Yong-Deok Jeon, Ji-Yoon Cha, Sung-Woo Hwang, Hoon-Yeon Lee, Min Park, Bo-Ri Lee, Min-Kyoung Shin, Su-Jeong Kim, Sang-Min Shin, Dae-Ki Kim, Jong-Sik Jin and Young-Mi Lee

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:256

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The search for new antimicrobials should take into account drug resistance phenomenon. Medicinal plants are known as sources of potent antimicrobial compounds including flavonoids. The objective of this invest...

    Authors: Cyrille Ngoufack Tagousop, Jean-de-Dieu Tamokou, Steve Endeguele Ekom, David Ngnokam and Laurence Voutquenne-Nazabadioko

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:252

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Seed of mature Croton tiglium Linne, also known as Tiglium seed (TS), has been widely used as a natural product due to its several health beneficial properties including anti-tumor and antifungal activities. Desp...

    Authors: Jun-Won Yun, Euna Kwon, Yun-Soon Kim, Seung-Hyun Kim, Ji-Ran You, Hyoung-Chin Kim, Jin-Sung Park, Jeong-Hwan Che, Sang-Koo Lee, Ja-June Jang, Hyeon Hoe Kim and Byeong-Cheol Kang

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:251

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Among the different kinds of pollution, air pollution continues to increase globally. East Asia is considered to be significantly affected. As a result, the populations in these regions face serious health iss...

    Authors: Thilina U. Jayawardena, K. K. Asanka Sanjeewa, I. P. Shanura Fernando, Bo Mi Ryu, Min-Cheol Kang, Youngheun Jee, Won Woo Lee and You-Jin Jeon

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:249

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Angiogenesis is a pathobiological hallmark of gastric cancer. However, rare studies focus on angiogenesis in gastric precancerous lesions (GPL). Weipixiao (WPX), a Chinese herbal preparation, is proved clinica...

    Authors: Jinhao Zeng, Ran Yan, Huafeng Pan, Fengming You, Tiantian Cai, Wei Liu, Chuan Zheng, Ziming Zhao, Daoyin Gong, Longhui Chen and Yi Zhang

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:250

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The macerate of Sida pilosa aerial parts is used empirically for the treatment of intestinal helminthiasis. Previous studies have shown that Sida pilosa aqueous extract (SpAE) has schistosomicidal, antioxidant, a...

    Authors: Hermine Boukeng Jatsa, Ulrich Membe Femoe, Joseph Njiaza, Daniel Simplice Tombe Tombe, Lohik Nguegan Mbolang, Emilienne Tienga Nkondo, Louis-Albert Tchuem Tchuente, Théophile Dimo and Pierre Kamtchouing

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:247

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Persistent hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection causes liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma and constitutes a major worldwide health problem. Currently, anti-HBV drugs are limited to peginterferon and nuc...

    Authors: Yu-Heng Lai, Cheng-Pu Sun, Hsiu-Chen Huang, Jui-Chieh Chen, Hui-Kang Liu and Cheng Huang

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:248

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Non-pharmacological therapies and practices are commonly used for both health maintenance and management of chronic disease. Patterns and reasons for use of health practices may identify clinically meaningful ...

    Authors: Melvin T. Donaldson, Melissa A. Polusny, Rich F. MacLehose, Elizabeth S. Goldsmith, Emily M. Hagel Campbell, Lynsey R. Miron, Paul D. Thuras and Erin E. Krebs

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:246

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Er-Xian decoction (EXD), a formula of Chinese medicine, is often used to treat menopausal syndrome in China. The aim of the present study was to explore the potential cardioprotective mechanism of EXD against ...

    Authors: Zhiguo Zhang, Lihua Xiang, Lanping Zhao, Hong Jiao, Zhen Wang, Yubo Li and Yanjing Chen

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:245

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  41. Content type: Research article

    A. paniculata is widely known for its medicinal values and is traditionally used to treat a wide range of diseases such as cancer, diabetes, skin infections, influenza, diarrhoea, etc. The phytochemical constitue...

    Authors: Ubaid Rasool, Priya S, Afsana Parveen, Saroj Kumar Sah and Hemalatha S

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:244

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The first-line agents comprising antihistamines for chronic urticaria, are not completely satisfactory. Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F (TwHF), a Chinese herb, has been developed into several Tripterygium agents an...

    Authors: Liu Liu, Huaibo Zhao, Xiaoying Sun, Qi Zheng, Ying Luo, Yi Ru, Ying Zhang, Xi Chen, Bo Zhu, Chengqian Yin, Bin Li and Xin Li

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:243

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Rhus verniciflua Stokes is an Asian tree species that is used as a food supplement and traditional medicine in Korea. However, its use is restricted by its potential to cause allergy. Thus, allergen-free R. verni...

    Authors: Seon-Ok Lee, Sung-Ji Kim, Ju-Sung Kim, Hyuk Ji, Eun-Ok Lee and Hyo-Jeong Lee

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:242

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Mental health issues in children have become a serious public health concern in the U.S. within the past few decades. Emerging evidence suggests that Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) can be benefic...

    Authors: Claudia Wang, John Preisser, Yunro Chung and Kaigang Li

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:241

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Here, we determined in vitro antioxidant activity, total phenols and flavonoids and evaluated antiproliferative activity of three medicinal plant extracts: Trigonella foenum-graecum (Fenugreek), Cassia acutifolia

    Authors: Bayan Al-Dabbagh, Ismail A. Elhaty, Ala’a Al Hrout, Reem Al Sakkaf, Raafat El-Awady, S. Salman Ashraf and Amr Amin

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:240

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Inflammation has been found to be associated with many neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson’s and dementia. Attenuation of microglia-induced inflammation is a strategy that impedes the progression o...

    Authors: Ming-Yii Huang, Chia-En Tu, Shu-Chi Wang, Yung-Li Hung, Chia-Cheng Su, Shih-Hua Fang, Chi-Shuo Chen, Po-Len Liu, Wei-Chung Cheng, Yu-Wei Huang and Chia-Yang Li

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:221

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Alcohol is consumed almost worldwide and is the most widely used recreational drug in the world. Harmful use of alcohol is known to cause a large disease-, social- and economic burden on society. Only a few st...

    Authors: Kristina Sivertsen, Marko Lukic and Agnete E. Kristoffersen

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:239

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  48. Content type: Research article

    In Korea, there are two types of medical doctors: one practises conventional medicine (hereafter called a physician), and the other practises traditional medicine (hereafter called a Korean medical doctor). Th...

    Authors: Ju Ah Lee, Yui Sasaki, Ichiro Arai, Ho-Yeon Go, Sunju Park, Keiko Yukawa, Yun Kung Nam, Seong-Gyu Ko, Yoshiharu Motoo, Kiichiro Tsutani and Myeong Soo Lee

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:238

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  49. Content type: Research article

    Cancers and microbial infections are still a major health problem, therefore research on new anticancer and antimicrobial agents ought to be continued. Natural products including essential oils from medicinal ...

    Authors: Ramzi A. Mothana, Jamal M. Khaled, Omar M. Noman, Ashok Kumar, Mohamed F. Alajmi, Adnan J. Al-Rehaily and Mine Kurkcuoglu

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:237

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