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Table 1 Patient characteristics and factors associated with herbal medicine use, Gondar, Ethiopia (N = 387)

From: Prevalence and correlates of herbal medicine use among type 2 diabetic patients in Teaching Hospital in Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Variables Overall (n, %) Herbal medicine use (n) p-value AOR (95% CI)
Yes (n = 240) No (n = 147)
Sex     0.310  
 Male 165 (42.6) 91 74  
 Female 222 (57.4) 149 73  
Educational status     0.001*  
 Primary 93 (24.1) 46 47   
 Secondary 203 (52.4) 122 81   1.90 (0.79–4.92)
 Tertiary 91 (23.5) 72 19   1.72 (1.18–5.12)
Marital status
 Unmarried 124 (32) 60 64 0.042* 1
 Married 263 (68) 180 83   0.67 (0.29–1.71)
Average monthly Income
 < 150 USD 187 (48.3) 98 89 0.032*  
 > 150 USD 200 (51.7) 142 58   0.52 (0.15–1.72)
Employment status     0.162  
 Unemployed 267 (69) 175 92   
 Employed 120 (31) 65 55   0.89 (0.51–1.51)
Religion     0.347  
 Orthodox 209 (54) 170 39  
 Muslim 101 (26.1) 46 55  
 Protestant 43 (11.1) 14 29  
 Catholic 19 (4.9) 7 12  
 Othersa 15 (3.87) 3 12  
Mean age at diagnosis (in years) 52.5 50.1 54.1   
Duration of disease     0.001*  
 < 6 years 228 (58.9) 168 60  
 > 6 year 159 (41.1) 72 87   1.51 (1.31–4.79)
Presence of DM complications
 No 158 (40.8) 63 95 0.020* 1
 Yes 229 (59.2) 177 52   1.45 (1.02–6.05)
Family history of DM     0.001*  
 No 148 (38.2) 50 98   1
 Yes 239 (61.8) 190 49   3.12 (1.62–8.05)
  1. Abbreviation: USD United States dollar
  2. *significant association (P-value less than 0.05)
  3. a Jehovah witness, Adventist