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Table 2 Self-directed practice between T1 and T2

From: Self-directed learning and practice of Italian osteopathic students during summer break: a cross-sectional survey

  T1 T2 p
Self-directed practice Yes 56 (56%) Yes 118 (70.24%) 0.026
No 44 (44%) No 50 (29.76%)
Why? Practice 38 (38.78%) Future clinic work 81 (42.86%) 0.027
Future clinic work 37 (37.76%) Practice 41 (21.69%)
Exam 12 (12.24%) Exam 40 (21.16%)
Not enough practice during academic year 7 (7.14%) Not enough practice during academic year 14 (7.41%)
Other 4 (4.08%) Other 13 (6.88%)
Why not? (Lack of …) Appropriate place 21 (27.27%) Practice buddies 22 (25.00%) 0.247
Practice buddies 18 (23.38%) Time 21 (23.86%)
Time 15 (19.48%) Appropriate place 21 (23.86%)
Safety 10 (12.99%) Other 14 (15.91%)
Other 7 (9.09%) Safety 9 (10.23%)
Motivation 6 (7.79%) Motivation 1 (1.14%)
Usefulness 0 (0.00%) Usefulness 0 (0.00%)
Hours of self-directed practice/week 1–5: 39 (69.64%) 1–5: 64 (54.24%) 0.261
6–10: 9 (16.07%) 6–10: 27 (22.88%)
11–15: 5 (8.92%) 11–15: 14 (11.86%)
> 16: 3 (5.37%) > 16: 13 (11.02%)
Practice compared to the rest of the year diminished: 32 (57.14%) diminished: 49 (41.52%) 0.150
increased: 15 (26.79%) increased: 41 (34.75%)
unvaried: 9 (16.07%) unvaried: 28 (23.73%)
Clinic simulation sometimes: 21 (37.5%) sometimes: 38 (32.2%) 0.26
never: 12 (21.43%) often: 28 (23.73%)
rarely: 11 (19.64%) rarely: 19 (16.11%)
often: 10 (17.86%) never: 18 (15.25%)
always: 2 (3.57%) always: 15 (12.71%)
  1. T1 = Data are presented as N (%). P values from chi square test. T1 = Type 1; T2 = Type 2