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Table 2 The used herbals for the treatment of infertility in females, the plant’s parts used, Frequency of Citation (FC), Choice values, modes of administration and methods of preparation

From: Herbal remedies used for the treatment of infertility in males and females by traditional healers in the rural areas of the West Bank/Palestine

Scientific names Local names English names Family Voucher number Part used and mode of preparation Method of preparation Number of citations FC, % CV
Ceratonia siliqua L. خروب Locust bean Leguminosae Pharm-PCT-584 Pollen grains/About 0.2 g of the pollen grains inhaled 2 h before sexual intercourse. Powder 50 98.04 3.16
Anastatica hierochuntica L. كف مريم Rose of Jericho or Dinosaur plant Brassicaceae Pharm-PCT-156 Fruits/Soak 50 g of the crushed fruits in 500 ml water. 100 ml of this infusion is to be given once daily for 7 days after the finishing of menopause. Infusion 45 88.24 2.85
Parietaria judaica L. حشيشة الزجاج Spreading pellitory or Pellitory of the wall Urticaceae Pharm-PCT-1790 Leaves/Boil about 15 g of the leaves in 150 ml water. About 50 ml of this decoction is to be given orally before each meal. Decoction 43 84.31 2.72
Saussurea costus (Falc.) Lipsch.* القسط الهندي Costus or kuth Compositae Pharm-PCT-2800 Roots/Boil about 50 g of roots in 250 ml water for 15 min. This decoction is to be given three times a day after meals. Decoction 41 80.39 2.59
Peganum harmala L. الحرمل Syrian Rue Nitrariaceae Pharm-PCT-1801 Fruits/Boil 10 g of the fruits in 500 ml water and used intensively as vaginal douche. Decoction 39 76.47 2.47
Phoenix dactylifera L. تمر Date or date palm Arecaceae Pharm-PCT-1842 Fruits/Take two of Date fruits and boil them in water (about 50 ml) and the produced solution is to be mixed with equal quantities of Olive oil and Honey. This mixture to be taken early morning once daily. Decoction 34 66.67 2.15
Ankyropetalum gypsophiloides Fenzl شرش حلاوه Anchor capillary Caryophyllaceae Pharm-PCT-172 Flowers/Steep 1 g of the flowers in 50 ml of fresh Donkey’s milk for 6 h. This infusion is to be given once daily. Infusion 25 49.02 1.58
Trigonella foenum-graecum L. الحلبة Fenugreek Leguminosae Pharm-PCT-2778 Seeds/Mix 50 ml of the oil of the seeds with equal amounts of royal jelly. One tablespoon of this mixture is to be given once daily before sexual intercourse Paste 25 49.02 1.58
Viscum cruciatum Sieber ex Boiss. دبق الاحمر Red-berry mistletoe Santalaceae Pharm-PCT-2662 Leaves/About 5 g of dried and ground leaves are to be given orally twice daily with a cup of water. Powder 25 49.02 1.58
Cheilocostus speciosus (J.Koenig) C.D.Specht القسط Crepe ginger Costaceae Pharm-PCT-2799 Rhizomes/Powdered rhizomes mixed with equal amounts of Royal Jelly. This mixture is to be given before meals three times daily. Paste 25 49.02 1.58
Nigella sativa L. قزحه Black cumin Ranunculaceae Pharm-PCT-2797 Seeds/Boil 30 g of the seeds with 100 ml water. This decoction is to be orally given before sexual intercourse. Decoction 24 47.06 1.52
Artemisia judaica L. البعيثران Judean wormwood Compositae Pharm-PCT-238 Flowers/Boil 50 g of the flowers in 500 ml water and used as vaginal douche before sexual intercourse. Decoction 24 47.06 1.52
Conium maculatum L. الشوكران Hemlock Apiaceae Pharm-PCT-657 Fruits/Steep 0.5 g of the flowers with 500 ml water for 5 h. About 20 ml of this infusion is to be given orally three times a day. Infusion 22 43.14 1.39
Ficus carica L. التين Common fig Moraceae Pharm-PCT-1028 Leaves/Boil the fresh leaves (about 50 g) with water and the produced decoction is mixed with few drops of the Wolf bile and used as vaginal douche Decoction 21 41.18 1.33
Prunus mahaleb L. المحلب St. Lucie cherry Rosaceae Pharm-PCT-2798 Seeds/Steep about 50 g of the seeds in 100 ml goat milk for three hours. This infusion is to be given after each meal. Infusion 21 41.18 1.33
Ferula orientalis L. الكلخ الشرقي Samaria giant fennel Apiaceae Pharm-PCT-1020 Fruits/About 20 g of the powdered seeds soaked one night in olive oil. The produced mixture is to be given three times daily during the menstrual period. Infusion 20 39.22 1.27
Juglans regia L. الجوز Persian walnut, English walnut, Juglandaceae Pharm-PCT-2714 Bark/Boil 200 g from the ground bark in 800 ml water for 30 min. 400 ml of this decoction is to be used as vaginal douche twice daily. Decoction 20 39.22 1.27
Sesamum indicum L. السمسم Sesame Pedaliaceae Pharm-PCT-2722 Seeds/Handful of grounded seeds is to be eaten once daily. Powder 19 37.25 1.20
Quercus coccifera L. بلوط قلبريني Palestine oak Fagaceae Pharm-PCT-1978 Bark/Steep 100 g from the bark in 500 ml water for 20 min. 250 ml of this decoction is to be used as vaginal douche twice daily. Infusion 19 37.25 1.20
Convallaria majalis L. زنبق الوادي Lily of the Valley Asparagaceae Pharm-PCT-2796 Flowers/Soak 10 g of the flowers in 500 ml of the horse milk or donkey milk for 3 h This infusion is to be given orally three times daily after the menstrual period. Infusion 19 37.25 1.20
Alchemilla vulgaris L. رجل الأسد Common lady’s mantle Rosaceae Pharm-PCT-2801 Leaves/Steep about 30 g of the leaves in 150 ml water for two hours. This infusion is to be given after each meal. Infusion 18 35.29 1.14
Salvia fruticosa Mill. مريميه Sage Lamiaceae Pharm-PCT-2117 Fruits/About 50 g of the crushed fruits soaked one night in water. The produced infusion used as vaginal douche twice daily. Infusion 17 33.33 1.08
Chrozophora tinctoria (L.) A.Juss. الغبيراء Dyer’s croton or turnsole Euphorbiaceae Pharm-PCT-611 Leaves/About 10 g of grounded leaves mixed with 10 ml Cow’s bile to produce a thick solution. This mixture diluted with water which used as vaginal douche once daily before bedtime. Paste 17 33.33 1.08
Clematis flammula L. ظيان شعلي Fragrant virgin’s bower Ranunculaceae Pharm-PCT-631 Flowers/Soak about 10 g of the flowers in 50 ml of water for 12 h. This infusion is to be given five times a day after meals. Infusion 17 33.33 1.08
Juniperus drupacea Labill. عرعر سوري Syrian juniper Cupressaceae Pharm-PCT-1296 Fruits/Soak 200 g in 800 ml water. About 450 ml of this decoction is to be given orally twice daily before meals. Infusion 13 25.49 0.82
Origanum jordanicum Danin & Kunne مردقوش شائع Jordan Thyme Lamiaceae Pharm-PCT-1729 Flowers/Boil about 100 g of the flowers in 500 ml water for 25 min. This decoction is to be given five times a day after meals. Decoction 13 25.49 0.82
Ricinus communis L. حب الخروع Castor Euphorbiaceae Pharm-PCT-2742 Seeds/One Castor seed soaked one night in 200 ml water. The produced infusion used as vaginal douche before intercourse. Infusion 13 25.49 0.82
Quercus infectoria subsp.veneris (A.Kern.) Meikle بلوط حلبي Aleppo Oak Fagaceae Pharm-PCT-1977 Bark/Boil 150 g from the ground bark in 200 ml water for 20 min. 50 ml of this decoction is to be used as vaginal douche twice daily. Decoction 13 25.49 0.82
Rosmarinus officinalis L. اكليل الجبل Rosemary Lamiaceae Pharm-PCT-2732 Leaves/Boil about 50 g of the leaves in 500 ml water for 10 min. 100 ml from this decoction is to be used as vaginal douche before each sexual intercourse. Decoction 11 21.57 0.70
Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L.M.Perry كبش قرنفل Clove Myrtaceae Pharm-PCT-2767 Flowers buds/Steep one gram of the buds in100 ml hot water for 12 h. The produced infusion is to be used as vaginal douche before sexual intercourse Infusion 9 17.65 0.57
Crocus sativus L. زعفران Saffron Iridaceae Pharm-PCT-2733 Flowers/Boil about 2 g of the flowers in one cup of milk for 10 min. Gives 50 ml of this decoction orally every day during the menstrual period. Decoction 4 7.84 0.25