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Table 7 Hypnosis included studies

From: Mind-body practices for people living with HIV: a systematic scoping review

Project identifier Design Sample size Intervention/duration Outcomes/time
[68, 128] USA one group pretest-posttest design 5 HYP 10 deep breathing, hypnotic induction, pain relief and sleep suggestions i.s. + twice daily hypnosis home practice /10 weeks Post-int ↓ pain ↓ pain medication
[69] New Zealand one group pretest-posttest design 3 HYP 6 guided muscle relaxation, visualization, imagery and suggestions to control the itch i.s. + 30 min hypnosis home practice /6 weeks Post-int ↓ itch
[70] India one group pretest-posttest design 20 HYP 9 progressive muscular relaxation, ego strengthening, guided imagery, visualization, and sensory imagery conditioning techniques g.s. of 2 h + hypnosis home practice /9 weeks Post-int ↑ coping
[71, 129] USA one group pretest-posttest design 41 HYP 3 hypnosis i.s of 70 min + self-hypnosis practice with specific target goals /3 weeks Post-int & 7 weeks ↓ pain ↑ QoL
[72] USA untreated control group with pretest and posttest design 14 HYP 6 inner guide techniques, the shamanic journey technique, mental imagery involving the immune system i.s. of 20 min + daily self-hypnosis home practice /6 weeks Post-int ↓ anxiety ↑ CD4/CD8 ratio
9 CG usual care
[73] USA untreated control group with pretest and posttest design 16 HYP 1 hypnosis and imagery training to relief distress, to address immune functioning and to impart a sense of self-efficacy and control i.s. + daily hypnosis home practice /12 weeks Post-int
17 WL wait list
[74] USA RCT 19 HYP 3 stress discussion and hypnosis i.s. of 45 min + daily hypnosis home practice /1 week Post-int
15 CON 3 stress discussion i.s. of 45 min
9 CG usual care
[75] India RCT 90 HYP 16 progressive muscular relaxation, ego strengthening, changing of negative mood set to positive mood set and boosting up of immune system g.s. of 90 min + self-hypnosis home practice/ 16 weeks Post-int & 6 months ↑ vitality
90 CG usual care