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Table 3 Utilization of CAM modalities by chronic disease dyads and triads

From: Complementary and alternative medicine use among persons with multiple chronic conditions: results from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey

Disease Combinations Overall CAM Use (n = 15,463) CAM Modalities
Manipulative Methods (n = 3778) Biological Treatments (n = 42) Mind-Body Interventions (n = 801) Energy Therapies (n = 72) Alternative Systems (n = 592)
(%) χ2 value, p-value (%) χ2 value, p-value (%) χ2 value, p-value (%) χ2 value, p-value (%) χ2 value, p-value (%) χ2 value, p-value
Disease Dyads
ChoBp   0.08, p = 0.773   5.12, p = 0.024   0.03, p = 0.872   30.13, p < 0.001   5.32, p = 0.022   1.02, p = 0.314
 Yes 11.2   25.4   0.3   3.9   0.3   3.6  
 No 18.3   23.7   0.3   5.9   0.6   4.0  
ChoDiab   6.15, p = 0.014   0.58, p = 0.447   0.25, p = 0.614   29.25, p < 0.001   4.16, p = 0.042   2.83, p = 0.094
 Yes 3.8   23.7   0.2   2.6   0.2   3.1  
 No 25.7   24.4   0.3   5.6   0.5   3.9  
ChoOb   10.53, p = 0.001   22.79, p < 0.001   1.27, p = 0.261   18.55, p < 0.001   2.64, p = 0.106   1.40, p = 0.238
 Yes 6.9   27.4   0.2   3.7   0.7   4.1  
 No 22.6   23.5   0.3   5.6   0.4   3.7  
BpDiab   17.18, p < 0.001   4.51, p = 0.035   0.15, p = 0.702   37.98, p < 0.001   4.78, p = 0.030   4.88, p = 0.028
 Yes 4.3   22.7   0.2   2.6   0.2   3.0  
 No 25.2   24.6   0.3   5.7   0.5   4.0  
BpOb   0.05, p = 0.827   2.61, p = 0.107   1.67, p = 0.197   14.34, p < 0.001   2.68, p = 0.103   3.03, p = 0.083
  Yes 8.4   25.1   0.2   4.0   0.3   3.4  
  No 21.1   24.0   0.3   5.6   0.5   4.0  
DiabOb   8.55, p = 0.004   2.01, p = 0.157   5.69, p = 0.018   27.74, p < 0.001   1.56, p = 0.212   2.43, p = 0.120
  Yes 2.9   22.9   0.04   2.4   0.3   3.1  
  No 26.6   24.5   0.3   5.5   0.5   3.9  
Disease Triads
ChoBpDiab   2.84, p = 0.093   0.04, p = 0.834   0.01, p = 0.933   22.67, p < 0.001   3.74, p = 0.054   1.08, p = 0.299
  Yes 3.20   24.1   0.3   2.6   0.2   3.3  
  No 26.3   24.3   0.3   5.5   0.5   3.9  
ChoBpOb   5.13, p = 0.024   13.43, p < 0.001   2.68, p = 0.102   14.78, p < 0.001   0.42, p = 0.518   0.02, p = 0.884
  Yes 4.9   27.2   0.1   3.6   0.4   3.8  
  No 24.6   23.8   0.3   5.4   0.5   3.8  
ChoDiabOb   0.37, p = 0.544   0.28, p = 0.596   2.82, p = 0.094   18.48, p < 0.001   1.30, p = 0.255   0.40, p = 0.528
  Yes 2.0   25.0   0.0   2.2   0.2   3.5  
  No 27.5   24.3   0.3   5.4   0.5   3.8  
BpDiabOb   4.34, p = 0.038   0.48, p = 0.491   3.89, p = 0.050   18.99, p < 0.001   2.28, p = 0.132   1.04, p = 0.309
  Yes 2.3   23.5   0.1   2.5   0.2   3.3  
  No 27.2   24.4   0.3   5.4   0.5   3.9  
  1. Note: All percentages are weighted proportions
  2. Disease Dyads: ChoBp = Hypercholesterolemia and Hypertension; ChoDiab = Hypercholesterolemia and Diabetes; ChoOb = Hypercholesterolemia and Obesity; BpDiab = Hypertension and Diabetes; BpOb = Hypertension and Obesity; DiabOb = Diabetes and Obesity
  3. Disease Triads: ChoBpDiab = Hypercholesterolemia and Hypertension and Diabetes; ChoBpOb = Hypercholesterolemia and Hypertension and Obesity; BpDiabOb = Hypertension and Diabetes and Obesity; ChoDiabOb = Hypercholesterolemia and Diabetes and Obesity