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Table 1 Basic characteristics of the studied participants

From: Gender specific association between the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and alcohol consumption and injuries caused by drinking in the sixth Tromsø study

  Total n = 12813a (%) Men n = 5994a (%) Women n = 6819a (%) P-value
Percentage women 53.2    
Age, mean (SD) 57.4 (12.6) 57.4 (12.3) 57.3 (12.9) 0.717b
Education, n (%)
 Compulsory 3596 (28.4) 1478 (25.0) 2118 (31.5)  
 Middle level 4241 (33.6) 2096 (35.4) 2146 (31.9)  
 College/University 4809 (38.0) 2349 (39.7) 2460 (36.6) < 0.000c
Household income, n (%)
 Low to middle income < 400,000 NOK/40,000 €) 4569 (38.5) 1842 (32.0) 2727 (44.6)  
 Middle to high income (401,000–700,000 NOK/40,100–70,000 €) 4199 (35.4) 2235 (38.9) 1964 (32.1)  
 High income (701,000 NOK / 70,100 € or more) 3093 (26.1) 1668 (29.0) 1425 (23.3) < 0.000c
Self-reported health status, n (%)
 Very bad or bad 686 (5.4) 279 (4.7) 407 (6.0)  
 Neither good nor bad 3633 (28.6) 1671 (28.1) 1962 (29.1)  
 Good or excellent 8386 (66.0) 4004 (67.2) 4382 (64.9) 0.001c
Alcohol frequency of use, n (%)
 Never 1413 (11.2) 454 (7.6) 959 (14.3)  
 Monthly or more infrequently 3633 (28.7) 1545 (26.0) 2088 (31.1)  
 2–4 times a month 4834 (38.2) 2481 (41.7) 2353 (35.0)  
 2–3 times a week 2155 (17.0) 1125 (18.9) 1030 (15.3)  
 More that 3 times a week 634 (5.0) 342 (5.8) 292 (4.3) < 0.000c
Units of alcohol consumed when drinking, n (%)
 1–2 units 7095 (63.3) 2858 (52.3) 4237 (73.8)  
 3–4 units 3020 (26.9) 1754 (32.1) 1266 (22.0)  
 5 or more units 1091 (9.7) 852 (15.6) 239 (4.2) < 0.000c
Injuries because of drinking, n (%)
 Never 10,882 (93.5) 4937 (89.4) 5945 (97.2)  
 Yes 752 (6.5) 583 (10.6) 169 (2.8) < 0.000c
Overall use of CAM modalities, n (%) 3730 (33.6) 1259 (24.1) 2471 (42.1) < 0.000c
 Alternative medical pratictionerd 1423 (11.9) 428 (7.6) 995 (15.9) < 0.000c
 Herbal or ‘natural’ medicinee 2677 (23.0) 937 (17.1) 1740 (28.3) < 0.000c
 Self-treatmentf 590 (5.0) 107 (1.9) 483 (7.8) < 0.000c
  1. a Due to missing responses on the individual questions, not all number add up to total number of participants. b Independent sample t-test. c Pearson Chi-square test d Answered yes to: Have you during the past year visited: An alternative medical practitioner (homeopath, acupuncturist, foot zone therapist, herbal medicine practitioner, laying on of hands practitioner, healer, clairvoyant etc.)? e Answered yes to: In the last 12 months have you used herbal or “natural” medicine? f Answered yes to: In the last 12 months have you used meditation, yoga, qi gong or tai-chi as self-treatment?