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Table 2 Characteristics of the participants (n = 466)b

From: Attitudes and knowledge about direct and indirect risks among conventional and complementary health care providers in cancer care

  Total (n = 466) Medical doctor (n = 142) Nurse (n = 69) Providers with dual training (n = 32) Complementary therapist (n = 223) p-value
  n % n % n % n % n %  
Gender            < 0.001*
 Male 108 27.5 69 51.5    3 12.5 36 19.3  
 Female 285 72.5 65 48.5 48 100 21 87.5 151 80.7  
 Missing 73   8   21   8   36   
Age. years            < 0.001**
 Mean age 373 48.7 127 45.4 45 51.2 24 52.2 177 50.1  
 Missing 93   15   24   8   46   
Education            < 0.001^
 Compulsory 2 0.5        2 1.1  
 Middle level 33 8.4        33 17.6  
 University up to 4 years 112 28.4    23 46.9 11 44 78 41.7  
 University more than 4 years/PhD 248 62.8 134 100 26 53.1 14 56 74 39.6  
 Missing 71   8   20   7   36   
Profession*
 Oncology doctor 27 5.8 27 100        
 Family physician 118 25.3 116 99.1    2 a 1.8    
 Oncology nurse 89 19.1    69 77.5 20 22.5    
 Acupuncturist 150 32.2      25 16.7 125 83.3  
 Massage therapist 82 17.6      6 7.3 76 92.7  
 Reflexologist/zonetherapist 35 7.5      1 2.9 34 97.1  
Clinical practice            < 0.001^
 Full time health provider 287 72.1 121 89.6 38 77.6 18 72 110 58.2  
 Part time health provider 92 23.1 11 8.1 10 20.4 5 20 66 34.9  
 Other (students or retired persons) 19 4.8 3 2.2 1 2 2 8 13 6.9  
 Missing 68   7   20   7   34   
Patient visits per week            < 0.001*
 1-19 patients 131 33.8 10 7.6 27 57.4 4 16 90 48.6  
 20–39 patients 121 31.2 28 21.4 17 36.2 5 20 71 38.4  
 40 or more patients 136 35.1 93 71 3 6.4 16 64 24 13  
 Missing 78   11   22   7   38   
Cancer patient visits per week           < 0.001^
 1–19 cancer patients 361 92.1 125 92.6 31 64.6 23 92 182 98.9  
 20 and more patients 31 7.9 10 7.4 17 35.4 2 8 2 1.1  
 Missing 74   7   21   7   39   
Location            0.005*
 Rural area 118 29.7 56 41.5 7 14.6 3 12 52 27.5  
 Small city. Village (up to 50.000 inhabitants) 153 38.5 44 32.6 23 47.9 12 48 74 39.2  
 Large city (> 50.000 inhabitants) 126 31.7 35 25.9 18 37.5 10 40 63 33.3  
 Missing 69   7   21   7   34   
  1. *Pearson’s chi-square test; **One way anova test; ^Fisher’s exact test; bDue to multiple response on one or more variables, the analyzed numbers do not always add up to the total number; aThese adds to > 32 because providers have more than one area of training