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Table 1 Overall quality score of reporting using items from the CONSORT statement (n = 63)

From: Assessing the quality of reports about randomized controlled trials of scalp acupuncture combined with another treatment for stroke

Item Criteria Description Number of positive trials % Cohen’s к coefficient 95% CI
1 ‘Randomized’ in The title or abstract Study identified as a randomized controlled in the title or abstract 63 100 1.00 1.00
2 Background Adequate description of the scientific background and explanation of rationale 17 27 0.82 0.66 to 0.97
3 Trial design Description of trial design (such as parallel, factorial) including allocation ratio 4 6 1.00 1.00
4 Participants Description of the eligibility criteria for participants 50 79 0.58 0.28 to 0.87
5 Interventions Details of the interventions intended for each group 54 86 0.77 0.52 to 1.02
6 Outcomes Definition of primary (and secondary when appropriate) outcome measures 49 78 0.79 0.60 to 0.99
7 Sample size Description of sample size calculation 1 2 1.00 1.00
12 Statistical methods Description of the statistical methods used to compare groups for primary outcomes, subgroup analyses, or adjusted analyses 49 78 0.85 0.69 to 1.02
13 Flow chart Details on the flow of participants through each stage of the trials (number of patients randomly assigned, receiving intended treatment, completing the protocol and analyzed) 59 84 0.85 0.56 to 1.14
14 Recruitment Dates defining the periods of recruitment and follow-up 38 60 0.59 0.37 to 0.81
17 Outcomes and estimation For each primary and secondary outcome, a summary of results for each group is given, and the estimated effect size and its precision (for example, 95% CI) 53 84 0.71 0.44 to 0.99
18 Ancillary analyses Clear statement of whether subgroup/adjusted analyses were prespecified or exploratory 0 0 1.00 1.00
19 Harms Description of all important adverse events in each group 2 3 1.00 1.00