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Table 2 Minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC) of extracts from Protoparmeliopsis muralis

From: Antibacterial and anticancer activities of acetone extracts from in vitro cultured lichen-forming fungi

Species Bacillus subtilis Staphylococcus aureus Enterococcus faecalis Staphylococcus epidermidis Escherichia coli Klebsiella pneumoniae Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Mediuma MIC MBC MIC MBC MIC MBC MIC MBC MIC MBC MIC MBC MIC MBC
PDA n.d.b n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d.
MY 23.75 25.00 25.00 25.00 100.00 n.d. 25.00 25.00 n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d.
G-LBM 21.25 25.00 26.70 38.33 50.00 n.d. 21.25 35.00 n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d.
G-LBM+ 6.67 25.00 21.70 23.33 50.00 n.d. 6.67 30.00 n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d.
Usnic acidc 8.33 40.00 56.70 n.d. 100.00 n.d. 5.00 15.00 n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d.
  1. aThe mycelia were cultured on G-LBM, modified G-LBM with a higher concentration of biotine of 80 μg L−1 (G-LBM+), Potato-Dextrose Agar (PDA) and malt extract-yeast extract medium (MY) [18]
  2. bThe experiments were performed at least in triplicate. n.d.-not determined
  3. cUsnic acid was used as a control