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Table 6 Pattern and components of Biological products used by the respondents

From: High prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine use among patients with sickle cell disease in a tertiary hospital in Lagos, South West, Nigeria

Biological product Components
Herbal medication® Eugenia caryophyllata, piper guineese, aframomum, melegueta, pterocarpu osun
Aloe vera Essential amino acids- isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, valine, tryptophan. Non-essential Amino acid- alanine, arginine, asparagine, cysteine, glutamic acid, glycine, histidine, proline, tyrosine, glutamin aspartic acid anthraquinones, lignins, monosaccharides, saponins, sterols, enzymes, minerals, vitamins, salicylic acid
Forever living® amino acids, anthraquinones, enzymes, minerals, vitamins, lignins, monosaccharide, polysaccharides, salicylic acid, saponins, and sterols
Ginger Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe),
Garlic Allium sativum, Alliin, s-allylcysteine, methiin
GNLD® Vitamins, Lipids and sterols
Jobelyn® Sorghum (Sorghum bicolour Moench) leaves, stalk
Tianshi® Dried spirulina, Gama lilonelic acid,
Lemon grass Cymbopogon citrates, Z-citral, citral, borneol, estragole, methyleugenol, geranyl acetate, geraniol.beta myrcene, limonene, piperitone,citronellal, carene 2, pinene, farnesol, proximadiol terpiniole, (+)-cymbodiacetal, longifolene-(v4)
Ginseng Panas ginseng, Saponin, phytosterol, carbohydrates, sugar, oleanolic acid, amino acids, peptides, mucilage, resin
Ciklavit® Cajanus cajan
High/mega dose vitamins Vitamin C, vitamin E, vitamin B
Poly herbal tea Flavanols, anthocyanin, flavones, catechins,quercetin, theanine, myrecetin, tannins, saponins, glycosides, theaflavins
Special diet and supplements Vitamin supplements, calcium, omega 3, zinc, magnesium, fresh fruits, vegetables, low fat dairy products, legumes, lean meats, dietary fibre.