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Table 2 Chemical compounds of Cymbopogon validis leaf

From: Phytomedical assessment of two Cymbopogon species found in Nkonkobe Municipality: toxicological effect on human Chang liver cell line

Peak number Phyto-compounds Rt (mins) Area % Library quality match (%) Chemical formulas
1 Cyclopentanol, 3-methylene 3.26 0.01 70 C5H10O
2 2-Hexenal 3.33 0.03 92 C6H12O
3 Trans-7-methyl-3-octene 3.40 0.01 72 C9H18
4 4-Heptanone 3.46 0.02 87 C7H14O
5 2-Heptanone 3.58 0.06 74 C7H14O
6 2-Heptanol 3.64 0.06 83 C7H16O
7 3-Carene 3.93 0.19 94 C10H16
8 α-Pinene 4.01 0.37 96 C10H16
9 Camphene 4.15 0.68 97 C10H16
10 β-Phellandrene 4.32 0.03 94 C10H16
11 β-Myrcene 4.41 4.85 86 C10H16
12 Octanal 4.49 0.01 86 C8H16O
13 α-Phellandrene 4.57 0.03 64 C10H16
14 Allylidenecyclohexane 4.61 0.05 45 C9H14
15 4-Carene 4.67 0.01 98 C10H16
16 Santolina triene 4.78 4.60 86 C10H16
17 β-Ocimene 4.87 2.72 94 C10H16
18 4-Methy-1,5-Heptadiene 4.92 0.11 64 n/a
19 γ-Terpinene 5.00 0.02 97 C10H18O
20 Hexanethioic acid 5.07 2.53 91 C6H12OS
21 Ethyl 2-(5-methyl-5-vinyltetrahydrofuran-2-yl)propan-2-yl carbonate 5.13 1.44 91 n/a
22 Linalyl alcohol 5.37 18.9 92 C10H18O
23 4-chlorobenzoic acid, 4-hexadecyl ester 5.45 0.11 90 C23H37ClO2
24 2,4,6-Octatriene 5.54 0.65 97 C8H12
25 5-Tetradecen-3-yne 5.63 0.07 72 C14H24
26 Citronellal 5.72 0.77 96 C10H20O
27 3-Hexadecene 5.82 0.09 83 C16H32
28 Endo-Borneol 5.92 0.69 97 C10H18O
29 Terpinen-4-ol 5.99 0.08 96 C10H18O
30 α-Terpineol 6.07 0.59 87 C10H18O
31 Disparlure 6.20 0.03 64 C19H38O
32 Citronellol 6.26 1.47 98 C10H18O
33 2,6-Octadien-1-ol, 3,7-dimethylene 6.33 0.04 86 C10H16O
34 Citral 6.40 0.16 95 C10H16O
35 Geraniol 6.48 2.68 95 C10H18O
36 4-Undecanone 6.60 0.94 95 C11H22O
37 Trans-Geranylgeraniol 6.74 0.01 68 C20H34O
38 Bornyl acetate 6.78 0.06 99 C12H20O2
39 d-Nonalactone 6.85 0.05 38 C9H16O2
40 2-Methoxy-4-vinylphenol 6.95 0.03 38 C9H10O2
41 1-Ethynylcyclopentanol 7.05 0.01 64 C7H10O
42 2,6-Octadiene,2,6-dimethylene 7.14 0.99 97 C10H16
43 α-Cubebene 7.24 0.11 99 C15H24
44 Geranyl acetate 7.35 1.97 90 C12H20O2
45 Epizonarene 7.42 0.31 98 C15H24
46 Cyclohexane, 1-ethenyl-1-methyl-2,4-bis-1-methylethenyl. 7.54 1.26 99 n/a
47 Formic acid 7.65 0.04 55 CH2O2
48 Caryophyllene 7.79 0.64 98 C15H24
49 α-Cubebene 7.97 0.81 70 C15H24
50 Epi-Bicyclosesquiphellandrene 8.05 0.05 87 C15H24
51 γ-Muurolene 8.10 0.65 83 C15H24
52 α-Muurolene 8.14 1.66 99 C15H24
53 4-epi-cubedol 8.52 2.41 93 C15H26O
54 Nephthalene 8.31 0.96 96 C10H8
55 Cubedol 8.39 6.08 95 C15H26O
56 Di-epi-alpha-cedrene 8.47 0.57 87 n/a
57 Guaia-1,11-diene 8.56 2.05 46 C15H24
58 Epizonarene 8.61 0.22 81 C15H24
59 Cyclohexane 8.64 0.44 30 C6H12
60 Gleenol 8.77 0.54 97 C15H26O
61 2-Naphthalenemethanol 8.96 6.67 86 C11H10O
62 Longifolene 9.08 6.53 93 C15H24
63 Hinesol 9.19 2.14 93 C15H26O
64 Agarospirol 9.25 0.37 98 C15H26O
65 Alloaromadendrene 9.42 0.37 53 C15H24
66 Isolongifolene 9.53 0.46 38 C15H24
67 Ethyladamantane-1-carboxylate 9.70 0.19 38 C13H20O2
68 β-Humulene 9.77 0.12 44 C15H24
69 Isocaryophillene 9.87 0.12 56 C15H24
70 Ledol 10.0 0.05 51 C15H26O
71 Acetic acid 10.1 2.69 38 C2H4O2
72 α-Guaiene 10.2 0.03 52 C15H24
73 4-Fluorobenzoic acid 10.4 0.02 62 C7H5FO2
74 Octasiloxane 11.3 0.01 41 H6OSi2
75 2-Nonadecanone 12.2 0.01 64 C19H38O
76 Hexamethylene 13.2 0.01 43 C7H14
77 Arsenous acid 13.8 0.04 43 H3AsO3
78 Diethyl ether 14.2 0.05 38 C4H10O
79 3-hexenyl ester 14.6 0.02 38 C10H16
80 4- hexadecyl ester 14.8 0.11 43 C16H33
Total amount of compounds 87.03
Monoterpene hydrocarbon 16.74
Oxygenated monoterpenes 31.43
Sesquiterpene hydrocarbon 14.26
Oxygenated sesquiterpene 11.6
Oxygenated diterpene 0.01
Aldehydes 6.81
Fatty acids 2.78
Others 3.40