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Table 4 The common TCM prescription for the treatment of children with cerebral palsy

From: Complementary traditional Chinese medicine use in Children with cerebral palsy: a nationwide retrospective cohort study in Taiwan

Herbal formulas
Pin-yin name English name Pin-yin name (Chinese materia medica name; botanical name) N % Daily dose (g) Average duration (day)
Ma-Zi-Ren-Wan Hemp Seed Pill Huo-ma-ren (Semen Cannabis; Cannabis sativa L.), Xing-ren (Semen Armeniacae; Prunus armeniaca L.), Bai-shao (Radix Paeoniae Alba; Paeonia lactiflora Pall), Zhi-shi (Fructus Aurantii Immaturus; Citrus × aurantium L.), Hou-po (Cortex Magnoliae; Magnolia hypoleuca Siebold & Zucc.), Da-huang (Radix et Rhizoma Rhei; Rheum palmatum L.), Feng-mi (honey) 2078 4.07 8.32 2.77
Liu-Wei-Di-Huang-Wan Six Ingredient Pill with Rehmannia Shu-di-huan (Radix Rehmanniae Preparata; Rehmannia glutinosa (Gaertn.) Libosch. ex Fisch. & C.A. Mey.), Shan-zhu-yu (Fructus Corni; Cornus officinalis Siebold & Zucc.), Shan-yao (Rhizoma Dioscoreae; Dioscorea opposita Thunb.), Fu-ling (Poria; Wolfiporia cocos (Schw.) Ryv. & Cilbn.), Mu-dan-pi (Cotex Moutan; Paeonia suffruticosa Andr.), Ze-xie (Rhizoma Alismatis; Alisma orientale (Sam.) Juz.) 1706 3.34 6.67 7.89
Xiang-Sha-Liu-Jun-Zi-Tang Six Gentlemen Decoction with Aucklandia and Amomum Mu-xiang (Radix Aucklandiae; Aucklandia lappa Decne.), Sha-ren (Fructus Amomi; Amomum villosum Lour.), Chen-pi (Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae; Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium), Ban-xia (Rhizoma Pinelliae; Pinellia ternata (Thunb.) Makino), Dang-shan (Radix Codonopsis; Codonopsis pilosula (Franch.) Nannf.), Bai-zhu (Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae; Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz.), Fu-ling (Poria; Wolfiporia cocos(Schw.) Ryv. & Cilbn.), Gan-cao (Radix Glycyrrhizae; Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch.), Sheng-jiang (Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens; Zingiber officinale Roscoe), Da-zao (Fructus Jujubae; Ziziphus jujuba Mill.) 1672 3.27 8.16 4.63
Shen-Ling-Bai-Zhu-San Ginseng, Poria and Atractylodis Macrocephalae Powder Bian-dou (Semen Lablab Album; Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet), Ren-shen (Radix Ginseng; Panax ginseng C.A.Mey.), Bai-zhu (Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae; Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz.), Fu-ling (Poria; Wolfiporia cocos(Schw.) Ryv. & Cilbn.), Gan-cao (Radix Glycyrrhizae; Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch.), Shan-yao (Radix Paeoniae Alba; Paeonia lactiflora Pall), Lian-zi (Semen Nelumbinis; Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.), Yi-yi-ren (Semen Coicis; Coix lacryma-jobi L.), Jie-geng (Radix Platycodonis; Platycodon grandiflorus (Jacq.) A.DC.), Sha-ren (Fructus Amomi; Amomum villosum Lour.), Da-zao (Fructus Jujubae; Ziziphus jujuba Mill.) 1588 3.11 7.58 4.4
Chai-Hu-Jia-Long-Gu-Mu-Li-Tang Bupleurum plus Dragon Bone and Oyster Shell Decoction Chai-hu (Radix Bupleuri; Bupleurum chinense DC.), Huang-qin (Radix Scutellariae; Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi), Ren-shen (Radix Ginseng; Panax ginseng C.A.Mey.), Ban-xia (Rhizoma Pinelliae; Pinellia ternata (Thunb.) Makino), Sheng-jiang (Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens; Zingiber officinale Roscoe), Da-zao (Fructus Jujubae; Ziziphus jujuba Mill.), Fu-ling (Poria; Wolfiporia cocos (Schw.) Ryv. & Cilbn.), Da-huang (Radix et Rhizoma Rhei; Rheum palmatum L.), Mu-li (Concha Ostreae), Qian-dan (Minium) 1219 2.39 9.58 3.7
Xin-Yi-Qing-Fei-Tang Magnolia Flower Drink to Clear the Lungs Xin-yi (Flos Magnoliae; Magnolia biondii Pamp.), Pi-pa-ye (Fol. Eriobotryae; Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl.), Zhi-zi (Fructus Gardeniae; Gardenia jasminoides J.Ellis), Zhi-mu (Rhizoma Anemarrhenae; Anemarrhena asphodeloides Bunge), Bai-he (Bulbus Lilii; Lilium brownii F.E.Br. ex Miellez), Huang-qin (Radix Scutellariae; Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi), Sheng-ma (Rhizoma Cimicifugae; Cimicifuga foetida L.), Mai-men-dong (Radix Ophiopogonis; Ophiopogon japonicus (Thunb.) Ker Gawl.), Shi-gao (Gypsum Fibrosum), Gan-cao (Radix Glycyrrhizae; Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch.) 1209 2.37 9.02 3.04
Shao-Yao-Gan-Cao-Tang Peony and Licorice Decoction Bai-shao (Radix Paeoniae Alba; Paeonia lactiflora Pall), Gan-cao (Radix Glycyrrhizae; Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch.) 1207 2.36 7.97 6.34
Ma-Xing-Shi-Gan-Tang Ephedra, Apricot Kernel, Gypsum and Licorice Decoction Ma-huang (Herba Ephedrae; Ephedra sinica Stapf), Xing-ren (Semen Armeniacae; Prunus armeniaca L.), Shi-gao (Gypsum Fibrosum), Gan-cao (Radix Glycyrrhizae; Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch.) 973 1.9 7.75 8.89
Xiao-Xu-Ming-Tang Minor Extend Life Decoction Ma-huang (Herba Ephedrae; Ephedra sinica Stapf), Chuan-xiong (Rhizoma Chuanxiong; Ligusticum chuanxiong S.H.Qiu, Y.Q.Zeng, K.Y.Pan, Y.C.Tang & J.M.Xu), Han-fang-ji (Radix Stephaniae Tetrandrae; Stephania tetrandra S. Moore), Xing-ren (Semen Armeniacae; Prunus armeniaca L.), Fang-feng (Radix Saposhnikoviae; Saposhnikovia divaricata (Turez.) Schischk.), Sheng-jiang (Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens; Zingiber officinale Roscoe), Ren-shen (Radix Ginseng; Panax ginseng C.A.Mey.), Zhi-fu-zi (Radix Aconiti Lateralis Preparata; Aconitum carmichaeli var. carmichaeli), Gui-zhi (Ramulus Cinnamomi; Cinnamomum cassia (L.) J.Presl), Bai-shao (Radix Paeoniae Alba; Paeonia lactiflora Pall), Huang-qin (Radix Scutellariae; Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi), Gan-cao (Radix Glycyrrhizae; Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch.) 968 1.89 4.09 9.73
Xiao-Jian-Zhong-Tang Minor Construct the Middle (Burner) Decoction Yi-tang (Maltose), Gui-zhi (Ramulus Cinnamomi; Cinnamomum cassia (L.) J.Presl), Bai-shao (Radix Paeoniae Alba; Paeonia lactiflora Pall), Sheng-jiang (Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens; Zingiber officinale Roscoe), Gan-cao (Radix Glycyrrhizae; Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch.), Da-zao (Fructus Jujubae; Ziziphus jujuba Mill.) 966 1.89 9.16 11.2
Single Herbs
Pin-yin name Chinese materia medica name Botanical name     
Shi-chang-pu Rhizoma Acori Graminei Acorus tatarinowii Schott 2212 2.55 7.12 3.59
Da-huang Radix et Rhizoma Rhei Rheum palmatum L. 2067 2.39 7.71 1.99
Tian-ma Rhizoma Gastrodiae Gastrodia elata Blume 1822 2.10 7.19 1.50
Yuan-zhi Radix Polygalae Dimocarpus longan Lour 1778 2.05 7.89 1.17
Gan-cao Radix Glycyrrhizae Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch 1724 1.99 9.16 1.45
Zhe-bei-mu Bulbus Fritillariae Thunbergii Fritillaria thunbergii Miq. 1626 1.88 7.57 6.19
Xing-ren Semen Armeniacae Prunus armeniaca L. 1329 1.53 7.33 1.98
Hou-po Cortex Magnoliae Officinalis Magnolia hypoleuca Siebold & Zucc 1238 1.43 7.98 1.96
Jie-geng Radix Platycodonis Platycodon grandiflorus (Jacq.) A.DC 1223 1.41 6.72 1.52
Huang-qi Radix Astragali Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch.) Bunge 1059 1.22 9.14 1.71