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Table 3 Compounds detected in pomegranate juice and pomegranate seed extract samples by using LC-MS/MS analysis

From: The effect of pomegranate fresh juice versus pomegranate seed powder on metabolic indices, lipid profile, inflammatory biomarkers, and the histopathology of pancreatic islets of Langerhans in streptozotocin-nicotinamide induced type 2 diabetic Sprague–Dawley rats

Detected compounds Sample Description
Chinic acid Juice/Seed An acid with anti-inflammatory action
Malic acid Juice/Seed The major organic acid in pomegranate
3,30-di-O-methyl ellagic acid Juice/Seed An ellagic acid derivative with antioxidant impact
Ellagic acid hexoside Juice An ellagic acid derivative with antioxidant impact
Ellagic acid Juice A plant derivative polyphenol (the major constituent of PJ with antioxidant impact)
Tryptophan Juice An essential amino acid
Catechin Juice A polyphenolic component of pomegranate with antioxidant impact
15,16-dihydroxy- 9Z,12Z-octadecadienoic acid Seed An unsaturated fatty acid derivative
methyl 2-[cyclohex-2-en-1-yl(hydroxy)methyl]-3-hydroxy-4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-3- methyl-5-oxoprolinate Seed An aglycone (an organic compound (as a phenol or alcohol) combined with the sugar portion of a glycoside).
p-hydroxybenzoic acid Seed An ester with preservative function in pharmaceuticals, foods, and industry
Oxooctadecanoic acid (stearic acid) Seed A saturated fatty acid with an 18 carbon chain (probably the most effective compound on plasma lipid profile)