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Table 3 Most frequently reported medicinal plants by psoriasis patients in descending order by number of patients in the West Bank of Palestine

From: Ethnopharmacological survey of medicinal plants used by patients with psoriasis in the West Bank of Palestine

Scientific name/voucher number English common name Local name Family Number of users Used part Method of preparation Application
Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f./Pharm-PCT-115 Aloe Sobar Xanthorrhoeaceae 35 Leaves Gel Aloe leaves are grounded into gel which applied on the affected area once a day.
Trigonella arabica Delile/Pharm-PCT-2511 Fenugreek Helba Leguminosae 27 Seeds Paste Grounded seeds (about 5 table spoons) are mixed with 5 table spoons of Olive oil. This paste is applied on the affected area.
Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don/Pharm-PCT-2728 Vinca Wanake Apocynaceae 25 Entire plant Paste Smashed Vinca leaves with Aloe vera gel are mixed. This paste applied on the affected area once a day.
Anthemis cotula L./Pharm-PCT-178 Chamomile Babonaj Compositae 24 Flowers Paste About 50 mL of powdered Chamomile flowers are mixed with 15 mL Olive oil and this paste is applied 3–5 times daily on the affected area.
Linum usitatissimum L./Pharm-PCT-2735 Flax Ketan Linaceae 15 Seeds Oil Oil from Lin seeds is warmed and applied twice a day on the affected area.
Simmondsia chinensis (Link) C.K. Schneid./Pharm-PCT-2744 Jojoba Jojoba Simmondsiaceae 13 Seeds Oil Oil from seeds is applied with extensive massage on the affected area once a day.
Capsicum annuum L./Pharm-PCT-2729 Red Pepper Shatta Solanaceae 11 Fruits Ointment The smashed fruit is mixed with 20 g of Vaseline and rubbed twice a day on the affected area.
Glycyrrhiza glabra L./Pharm-PCT-1128 Licorice Arek alsoos Leguminosae 10 Roots Ointment About 100 g of licorice powder is mixed with 100 mL of Vaseline and applied on the affected area twice a day.
Persea americana Mill./Pharm-PCT-2740 Avocado Avokado Lauraceae 9 Fruits Paste The smashed fruit is mixed with Olive oil and applied on the affected area.
Ficus carica L./Pharm-PCT-1028 Fig Tenn Moraceae 9 Fruits Latex The latex from the fruit is rubbed on the affected area once a day.
Olea europaea L./Pharm-PCT-1664 Olive Zayton Oleaceae 7 Fruits oil Oil Olive oil is applied on the affected area twice a day.
Nigella arvensis L./Pharm-PCT-1640 Black Cumin Kezha Ranunculaceae 6 Seeds Oil Oil from seeds is applied on the affected area twice a day.
Ammi visnaga (L.) Lam./Pharm-PCT-139 Khella Khella masrye Apiaceae 6 Fruits Paste Khella powder is mixed with Olive oil, this paste rubbed on the affected area twice a day.
Curcuma longa L./Pharm-PCT-2709 Turmeric Korkom Zingiberaceae 6 Rhizomes Paste About 250 g of the powdered rhizomes are boiled in 100 mL of Olive oil and the mixture is applied to the affected area once a day.
Pinus halepensis Mill./Pharm-PCT-1863 Pine Sonobar Pinaceae 5 Wood Tar Tar from Pine woods is applied on the affected area twice a day.
Avena barbata Pott ex Link/Pharm-PCT-346 Oat Shofan Poaceae 5 Seeds Paste About 50 g of seed powder is mixed with 25 mL of water and this paste is rubbed on the affected area daily at bed time.
Juglans regia L./Pharm-PCT-2714 Walnut Joz Juglandaceae 4 Fruits (peels) Decoction About 50 g of the leaves are boiled in 100 mL of water and the affected area is washed with this decoction twice a day.
Prunus amygdalus var. amara (DC.) Focke/Pharm-PCT-2743 Bitter Almond Loz mor Rosaceae 4 Seeds Oil About 20 mL of the oil are mixed with black cumin oil and applied on the affecting area once a day along with chamomile tea.
Malva sylvestris L./Pharm-PCT-1507 Common mallow Khobeza Malvaceae 4 Leaves Decoction About 10 g of the leaves are boiled in 100 mL of water. The affected is rubbed with this decoction twice a day.
Salvia fruticosa Mill./Pharm-PCT-2117 Sage Maramya Lamiaceae 3 Leaves Decoction About 20 g of the leaves are boiled in 100 mL of water and the affected is washed with this decoction twice a day.
Paronychia argentea Lam./Pharm-PCT-1793 Algerian tea Rejl alhamama Caryophyllaceae 3 Entire plant Paste About 50 g of the powdered plant are mixed with 100 mL of Olive oil and the affected area is rubbed with this paste once a day.
Lawsonia inermis L./Pharm-PCT-2736 Henna Hena Lythraceae 3 Leaves Paste About 100 g of dried Henna leaves are mixed with 30 mL of water, this paste applied on the affected area once a day.
Urtica urens L./Pharm-PCT-2562 Stinging Nettles Kores Urticaceae 3 Leaves Decoction About 100 g of the leaves are boiled in 100 mL of water and the affected area is washed with this decoction three times a day.
Senna alexandrina Mill./Pharm-PCT-2224 Senna Senamake Leguminosae 3 Leaves Paste About 50 g of dried Senna leaves are mixed with 10 mL of water and this paste is applied topically on the affected area once a day.
Inula viscosa (L.) Aiton/Pharm-PCT-2713 Inula Altayon Compositae 2 Leaves Infusion About 100 g of the leaves are steeped in 100 mL of water for 12 h. The affected area is washed with this infusion twice a day.
Origanum jordanicum Danin & Kunne/Pharm-PCT-1729 Thyme Zaatar Lamiaceae 2 Leaves Decoction About 30 g of the leaves are boiled in 100 mL of water. The affected area is washed with this decoction twice a day.
Allium sativum L./Pharm-PCT-2704 Garlic Thom Amaryllidaceae 2 Bulb Vinegar Garlic bulb vinegar is applied with massage to the affected area twice a day.
Citrus limon (L.) Osbeck/Pharm-PCT-2741 Lemon laemon Rutaceae 2 Fruits Juice About 50 mL of Lemon juice are mixed with 5 mL of concentrated iodine solution. This mixture is applied on the affected area three times a day.
Zingiber officinale Roscoe/Pharm-PCT-2724 Ginger Zangabel Zingiberaceae 2 Rhizomes Ointment About 50 g of the powdered rhizomes are mixed with 50 g of Vaseline and this ointment is rubbed on the affecting area once a day.
Musa paradisiaca L./Pharm-PCT-2715 Banana Moz Musaceae 2 Fruits Paste The smashed fruit peels are rubbed on the affected area twice a day.
Ricinus communis L./Pharm-PCT-2742 Castor Kharwaa Euphorbiaceae 2 Seeds Oil Oil from the seeds are applied on the affected area twice daily.
Vitis vinifera L./Pharm-PCT-2665 Grape A’nab Vitaceae 2 Fruits Vinegar The affected area is washed three times a day with Grape vinegar.
Teucrium capitatum L./Pharm-PCT-2407 Germander Ja’ade Lamiaceae 2 Leaves Decoction About 50 g of the leaves are boiled in 100 mL of water and the affected area is bathed with this decoction once a day.
  1. Names of plant families in this table were obtained from The Plant List (http://www.theplantlist.org)