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Table 4 Multiple logistic regression analysis of predictors of attendance (n = 324)

From: Predicting adherence to acupuncture appointments for low back pain: a prospective observational study

  Odds ratio 95% C.I. p
Lower Upper
Demographic/Clinical characteristics
 Gender     
  Female 1.40 0.81 2.41 .223
 Age 1.01 0.99 1.03 .240
 Prior acupuncture 1.55 0.93 2.59 .094
 Co-treatment 1.46 0.78 2.76 .240
 Sector     
  Private 0.33 0.09 1.19 .089
 Clinic type     
  CAM or acupuncture/TCM a     .820
  Physiotherapy 0.93 0.24 3.64 .921
  Pain clinic 0.74 0.16 3.56 .710
  GP 0.63 0.13 3.11 .566
 Acupuncture style     .660
  Unclear a     
  Western 0.79 0.39 1.61 .520
  Traditional or TCM 0.69 0.31 1.55 .368
  Mixed 1.32 0.37 4.79 .671
Psychological variables
 Illness perceptions     
  Treatment control 0.99 0.83 1.17 .869
  Identity 0.81** 0.90 0.94 .006
  Comprehensible 1.04 0.93 1.15 .521
 Treatment beliefs     
  Expectancy 1.10 0.94 1.28 .259
  Participation in treatment 1.05 1.00 1.11 .072
 Appraisals     
  Credibility of acupuncture 0.96 0.81 1.14 .663
  Acupuncturist 1.00 0.97 1.03 .850
  Convenient appointments 1.40 0.79 2.45 .254
  Not effortful to attend 2.09* 1.18 3.73 .012
  Not too expensive 1.23 0.72 2.08 .454
  1. Notes. *p < .05. **p < .01. a Reference category