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Table 2 Bacterial, fungal and viral strains used in this study

From: The modified Gingyo-san, a Chinese herbal medicine, has direct antibacterial effects against respiratory pathogens

Microorganism Description
Gram-positive bacteria
Staphylococcus aureus JCM2874 Quality control strain for susceptibility test, Methicillin-susceptible
Staphylococcus aureus N315 Methicillin-resistant S. aureus
Streptococcus pneumoniae ATCC49619 Quality control strain for susceptibility test, penicillin-susceptible
Streptococcus pneumoniae 19F Clinical isolate, penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae, serotype 19F
Streptococcus pyogenes JCM5674 Type strain
Enterococcus faecalis ATCC29212 Quality control strain for susceptibility test
Bacillus subtilis ATCC6633 Control strain for various assays
Gram-negative bacteria
Escherichia coli ATCC25922 Quality control strain for susceptibility test
Escherichia coli C Host of bacteriophage φX174
Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC27853 Quality control strain for susceptibility test
Haemophilus influenzae ATCC49247 Quality control strain for susceptibility test
Serratia marcescens ATCC13880 Type strain
Fungi
Candida albicans ATCC10231 Quality control strain for various assays
Bacteriophage  
 φX174 Virulent phage for E. coli C