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Table 2 CAM use in past 12 months

From: Complementary and alternative medicine use and absenteeism among individuals with chronic disease

  CAM useb
  Dietary supplements   Mind-body practices  
  n (weighted %) p-valuea n (weighted %) p-value a
Chronic conditionb     
 High Cholesterol 3516 (49.7) 0.26 711 (40.9) <0.0001
 Arthritis 2609 (35.1) 0.23 638 (34.2) 0.92
 Hypertension 2395 (46.0) 0.06 433 (22.1) <0.0001
 Cancer 852 (11.3) 0.81 248 (12.5) 0.45
 Depression 1242 (15.3) 0.65 503 (25.2) <0.0001
 Diabetes 880 (11.8) 0.67 107 (5.8) <0.0001
 Asthma 597 (8.0) 0.97 252 (12.9) <0.0001
 Hepatitis 350 (3.9) 0.67 106 (4.1) 0.85
 Coronary heart disease 175 (2.4) 0.26 35 (2.1) 0.4
 COPD 134 (1.5) 0.53 32 (2.1) 0.55
 Substance Abuse 109 (1.2) 0.5 47 (2.2) 0.04
 Kidney Disease 93 (1.1) 0.38 16 (0.6) 0.15
Race/Ethnicity     
 White 5058 (76.5) ref 1393 (80.3) ref
 African American 837 (9.1) 0.74 145 (5.8) 0.004
 Hispanic 927 (9.5) 0.96 166 (7.0) 0.0002
 Asian/Other 514 (4.9) 0.26 146 (6.9( 0.44
Ageb   0.003   0.0005
 18-24 679 (12.5)   190 (12.4)  
 25-34 1002 (13.1)   374 (18.7)  
 35-44 1369 (18.0)   371 (18.6)  
 45-54 1957 (27.6)   453 (26.8)  
 55-65 2345 (28.9)   462 (23.5)  
Gender     
 Male 3040 (44.2) ref 648 (38.6) ref
 Female 4312 (55.8) <0.0001 1202 (61.4) <0.0001
Household income     
 <$35,000 1405 (13.6) ref 384 (14.5) ref
 $35,000-$74,999 2333 (31.1) 0.04 523 (25.8) 0.03
 $75,000-$99,999 1168 (17.3) 0.88 261 (14.8) 0.14
 $100,000+ 2145 (38.0) 0.72 640 (45.0) 0.11
Education     
 Did not complete high school 552 (7.2) ref 67 (3.2) ref
 High school diploma or GED 1634 (22.8) 0.21 246 (15.5) 0.01
 Associate's degree/some college 2572 (35.4) 0.005 618 (33.2) <0.0001
 Bachelor's degree 1593 (21.5) 0.005 511 (27.5) <0.0001
 Advanced degree 973 (13.2) <0.0001 402 (20.6) <0.0001
BMIc   0.003   <0.0001
 Underweight 1148 (15.4)   225 (10.6)  
 Normal 1856 (24.9)   671 (34.9)  
 Overweight 2541 (35.2)   640 (36.0)  
Obese 1807 (24.5)   314 (18.5)  
 Marital status     
 Single 2068 (28.5) ref 646 (33.6) ref
 Married 4100 (61.8) 0.06 919 (57.0) <0.0001
 Divorced/Separated 1032 (8.7) 0.28 250 (8.3) 0.01
 Widowed 138 (1.1) 0.15 34 (1.1) 0.23
Smoking status     
 Never 4167 (57.3) ref 993 (54.1) ref
 Former 1915 (27.1) 0.85 525 (30.5) 0.08
 Current 1255 (15.7) <0.0001 326 (15.4) 0.24
Alcohol consumptiond     
 Abstainer 968 (15.1) ref 196 (12.9) ref
 Light Drinker 1728 (26.4) 0.85 428 (25.2) 0.53
 Moderate Drinker 1267 (20.6) 0.67 332 (21.9) 0.17
 Heavy Drinker 2434 (37.9) 0.52 722 (40.0) 0.10
Chronic conditionsc   0.19   0.06
 1 3901 (53.2)   1070 (58.3)  
 2 2021 (28.4)   470 (26.3)  
 3+ 1430 (18.4)   310 (15.4)  
Surgery in past 12 months     
 No 6235 (85.3) ref 1538 (82.5) ref
 Yes 1114 (14.7) 0.67 310 (17.5) 0.11
Paid sick days     
 No 2711 (37.7) ref 722 (39.4) ref
 Yes 4624 (62.3) 0.13 1126 (60.6) 0.75
General health     
 Excellent 1778 (26.5) ref 515 (31.8) ref
 Very good 2617 (35.5) 0.55 709 (36.1) 0.07
 Good 2239 (29.5) 0.79 474 (24.8) 0.0001
 Fair/Poor 712 (8.5) 0.06 149 (7.2) ref
Health insurance     
 No 1000 (12.5) ref 281 (13.9) ref
 Yes 6352 (87.5) 0.01 1569 (86.1) 0.76
Number of employees     
 0 to 9 1803 (25.4) ref 511 (29.9) ref
 10 to 249 1705 (23.4) 0.94 398 (23.0) 0.14
 50 to 249 1697 (22.7) 0.57 423 (21.6) 0.10
 249 to 9999 869 (12.8) 0.69 185 (10.9) 0.04
 1000+ 1095 (15.7) 0.05 282 (14.6) 0.26
Class of worker     
 Private company 5192 (83.3) ref 1285 (82.1) ref
 Government 284 (4.4) 0.33 71 (3.4) 0.42
 Self-employed 713 (12.3) 0.01 207 (14.5) 0.03
Reasons for CAM useb     
 General wellness 1980 (27.3) <0.0001 855 (45.0) <0.0001
 Improve energy 49 (0.5) <0.0001 38 (1.5) <0.0001
 Improve immune function 184 (2.3) <0.0001 64 (3.0) 0.004
 Improve athletic/sports performance 159 (2.4) <0.0001 101 (5.7) <0.0001
 Improve memory/concentration 80 (1.4) <0.0001 33 (2.7) 0.0003
  1. aChi-square test for strength of association (α= 0.10)
  2. bGroups not exclusive
  3. cModeled as continuous variable
  4. dBased off the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans [29]