Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 General characteristics according to Sasang constitution type

From: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease among sasang constitutional types: a population-based study in Korea

Variable SE SY TE P value
No. of cases 172 407 605  
Age (yr) 55.3 ± 6.0a** 56.0 ± 6.4** 58.8 ± 7.9 <.0001
Female, n (%) 94 (54.7)***** 285 (70.0)** 297 (49.1) <.0001
BMI (kg/m2) 21.3 ± 1.6**,****** 22.9 ± 2.0** 26.6 ± 2.4 <.0001
Alcohol consumption (g/day) 1.8 ± 4.0* 1.8 ± 3.9** 3.1 ± 5.3 <.0001
ALT (IU/L) 23.1 ± 24.1* 21.8 ± 10.0** 27.3 ± 16.2 <.0001
HOMA-IRb 1.5 ± 0.6** 1.7 ± 0.8** 2.6 ± 3.5 <.0001
Physical activityc 159.5 ± 195.5 189.7 ± 276.4 189.0 ± 258.2 0.37
LAI (HU) 13.3 ± 6.0** 12.3 ± 7.0** 6.5 ± 9.9 <.0001
NAFLD [LAI < 5, n (%)] 8 (4.7)**,**** 57 (14.0)** 206 (34.0) <.0001
HTN, n (%) 35 (20.3)** 99 (24.3)** 266 (44.0) <.0001
DM, n (%) 13 (7.6)** 50 (12.3)** 164 (27.1) <.0001
Metabolic componentsd
Abdominal obesity, n (%) 5 (2.9)**,*** 35 (8.6)** 293 (48.5) <.0001
Hypertriglyceridemia, n (%) 28 (16.3)**,*** 100 (24.6)** 248 (41.0) <.0001
Low HDL cholesterol, n (%) 122 (70.9)**,**** 232 (57.0)** 293 (48.4) <.0001
High BP, n (%) 45 (26.2)** 124 (30.6)** 317 (52.7) <.0001
High FPG, n (%) 8 (4.7)**,*** 40 (9.8)** 140 (23.1) <.0001
MS, n (%)e 6 (3.5)**,**** 41 (10.1)** 233 (38.5) <.0001
  1. Abbreviations: TE Tae-eum type, SE So-eum type, SY So-yang type, BMI body mass index, ALT alanine aminotransferase, HOMA-IR homeostasis model of assessment for insulin resistance, MET metabolic equivalents, LAI liver attenuation index, HU Hounsfield units, NAFLD non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, HTN hypertension, DM diabetes mellitus, HDL high density lipoprotein, BP blood pressure, FPG fasting plasma glucose, MS metabolic syndrome
  2. aValues are mean ± SD
  3. bCalculated as fasting glucose (mmol/L) x fasting insulin (μU/mL)/22.5
  4. cTotal metabolic equivalents per week (minutes)
  5. dDefined as waist circumference ≥90 cm for men and ≥80 cm for women for abdominal obesity; TG ≥150 mg/dl for hypertriglyceridemia; HDL cholesterol <40 mg/dl for men and <50 mg/dl for women for low HDL cholesterol; systolic/ diastolic pressure ≥130/85 mmHg for high BP; fasting plasma glucose ≥110 mg/dl for high FPG
  6. ePresence of 3 or more of metabolic components
  7. *P <0.01 vs. TE type
  8. **P <0.0001 vs. TE type
  9. ***P <0.05 vs. SY type
  10. ****P <0.01 vs. SY type
  11. *****P <0.001 vs. SY type
  12. ******P <0.0001 vs. SY type