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Table 1 Comparisons of scores on all measured variables from T1 to T2 (n = 8)

From: Intradialytic Laughter Yoga therapy for haemodialysis patients: a pre-post intervention feasibility study

  Time 1 Time 2  
Variable Mean SD Mean SD Wilcoxon Z test
GLS 71.25 21.67 75.00 17.73 Z = −.816, p > 0.05
SWB 77.68 12.00 78.57 8.27 Z = −.341, p > 0.05
HPMood 66.88 24.57 69.58 20.66 Z = −.954, p > 0.05
Optimism 59.79 27.41 62.50 21.21 Z = −.170, p > 0.05
Control 40.29 18.67 44.29 20.05 Z = −.944, p > 0.05
Self Esteem 75.00 17.79 74.75 12.87 Z = −.070, p > 0.05
Depressed mood 31.79 20.46 34.11 17.60 Z = −.284, p > 0.05
Anxiety 27.14 15.80 33.04 13.86 Z = −1.185, p > 0.05
Stress 35.36 21.35 31.07 20.51 Z = −.211, p > 0.05