Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Characteristics of participants by dietary supplementation status

From: Dietary supplementation by older adults in southern China: a hospital outpatient clinic study

Characteristic Dietary supplementation
  Non-user (n = 361) User (n = 85)
Gender *   
   Male 206 (57.1%) 35 (41.2%)
   Female 155 (42.9%) 50 (58.8%)
Age (years)   
   55-64 85 (23.6%) 22 (25.9%)
   65-74 192 (53.2%) 46 (54.1%)
   74-84 67 (18.6%) 15 (17.7%)
   ≥ 85 17 (4.7%) 2 (2.4%)
Body mass index (kg/m2)   
   < 24 218 (60.4%) 46 (54.1%)
   ≥ 24 143 (39.6%) 39 (45.9%)
Educational level   
   Primary school 155 (42.9%) 31 (36.5%)
   Secondary school or above 206 (57.1%) 54 (63.5%)
Occupation before retirement   
   Professional 136 (37.7%) 39 (45.9%)
   Others 225 (62.3%) 46 (54.1%)
Smoking status *   
   Smoker 78 (21.6%) 9 (10.6%)
   Non-smoker 283 (78.4%) 76 (89.4%)
Alcohol drinking status   
   Drinker 150 (41.6%) 28 (32.9%)
   Non-drinker 211 (58.5%) 57 (67.1%)
Presence of hyperlipidemia *   
   Yes 38 (10.5%) 19 (22.4%)
   No 323 (89.5%) 66 (77.7%)
Presence of hypertension   
   Yes 94 (26.0%) 31 (36.5%)
   No 267 (74.0%) 54 (63.5%)
Presence of diabetes   
   Yes 10 (2.8%) 2 (2.4%)
   No 351 (97.2%) 83 (97.7%)
  1. * Significant chi-square test of association between characteristic and dietary supplementation status