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Table 8 Mean outcome variables [with standard deviations] of 379 newborns

From: Treatments of pelvic girdle pain in pregnant women: adverse effects of standard treatment, acupuncture and stabilising exercises on the pregnancy, mother, delivery and the fetus/neonate

Characteristics of newborns    
  Standard Group (n = 129) Acupuncture Group (n = 124) Stabilising exercise group (n = 130)
Weight (g) ± 3667 (548) 3576 (521) 3684 (523)
Sex (girls)§ 52 (40.3) 74 (59.7)* 62 (47.7)
Sex (boys)§ 77 (59.7) 50(40.3) 68 (52.3)
Apgar score ≤ 7 at 5 min§ 1 (0.8) 1 (0.8) 2 (1.5)
Admission to special care baby unit§ 6 (4.6) 6 (5) 9 (7)
Perinatal mortality§ 0 0 1 (1)
pH± 7.23 (0.1) 7.23 (0.01) 7.22 (0.1)
PCO2± 6.63 (2.6) 6.23 (2.1) 6.41 (2.5)
PO2± 3.26 (2.5) 4.02 (2.7) 3.68 (2.9)
BEt± -5.51 (3.2) -5.15 (7.4) -5.38 (4.9)
*Number with no sample§ 38 (30) 40 (31) 38 (29)
pH± 7.31 (0.1) 7.26 (0.4) 7.32 (0.1)
PCO2± 5.28 (1.1) 5.13 (1.1) 5.18 (1.3)
PO2± 4.15 (1.7) 4.30 (2.1) 4.41 (1.8)
BEt± -6.26 (8.6) -4.28 (8.5) -4.91 (9.8)
*Number with no sample§ 39 (30) 33 (32) 31 (24)
  1. §Numbers reported with percentage of group
  2. ± Mean scores are reported with standard deviations.
  3. *Cord-blood acid base analysis not done in every case.
  4. Continuous data were tested for significance with Kruskal-Wallis test. If a significant difference was found between any of the three groups, Mann Whitney U test was used to compare one group against one another. Dichotomous data were tested for significance with Fischer's exact test. Adjustments (multiplication by three) of the p-values due to multiple comparisons were performed by Bonferroni's method when appropriate.
  5. ** Indicate statistical difference between Standard treatment and Acupuncture, P = 0.01.