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Table 7 Analgesia used during 383 deliveries among women with PGP during pregnancy

From: Treatments of pelvic girdle pain in pregnant women: adverse effects of standard treatment, acupuncture and stabilising exercises on the pregnancy, mother, delivery and the fetus/neonate

Analgesia    
  Standard Group (n = 129) Acupuncture Group (n = 124) Stabilising exercise group (n = 130)
Nitrous oxide/oxygen 101 (78.3) 87 (70.2) 100 (76.9)
Tub bath 21 (16.3) 16 (12.9) 26 (20.0)
TENS 5 (3.9) 4 (3.2) 5 (3.8)
Acupuncture 20 (15.5) 18 (14.5) 26 (20.0)
IC sterile water 7 (5.4) 2 (1.6) 7 (5.4)
Infiltration of local anaesthetic 34 (26.4) 39 (31.4) 34 (26.1)
Pethidine 0 0 0
Pudendal nerve blockade 4 (3.1) 6 (4.8) 3 (2.3)
Paracervical blockade 1 (0.8) 5 (4.0) 2 (1.5)
Epidural analgesia 30 (23.3) 32 (25.8) 31 (23.8)
Spinal analgesia 16 (12.4) 13 (10.5) 11 (8.5)
General Anaesthesia 4 (3.1) 6 (4.8) 8 (6.2)
  1. Numbers reported with percentage of group.
  2. ± Mean scores are reported with standard deviations.
  3. Data were tested for significance with Fischer's exact test. Adjustments (multiplication by three) of the p-values due to multiple comparisons were performed by Bonferroni's method when appropriate. There were no significant differences between groups.