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Figure 3 | BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Figure 3

From: Dendropanax morbifera Léveille extract facilitates cadmium excretion and prevents oxidative damage in the hippocampus by increasing antioxidant levels in cadmium-exposed rats

Figure 3

Total sulfhydryl groups (TSH), reduced glutathione (GSH), glutathione reductase (GR), and glutathione- S -transferase (GST) in the hippocampi of control, DMS-, Cd-, Cd/DMS-treated rats. * Indicates a significant difference between the control and Cd groups (P <0.05); # indicates a significant difference between the Cd and Cd/DMS groups (P <0.05; n = 5 per group). GR activity, TSH levels, and GSH levels are significantly increased after exposure to Cd, while GST activity is significantly increased. The administration of DMS to Cd-exposed rats ameliorates or reverses the changes of enzyme activities or levels. The data represent means ± standard error of the mean (SEM).

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