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Figure 1 | BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Figure 1

From: Dendropanax morbifera Léveille extract facilitates cadmium excretion and prevents oxidative damage in the hippocampus by increasing antioxidant levels in cadmium-exposed rats

Figure 1

Levels of intracellular reactive oxygen species production as determined by 2′,7′-dichlorofluorescein (DCF) levels (A), protein carbonyl levels (B), and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels (C) in the hippocampi of control, DMS-, Cd-, and Cd-DMS-treated rats. * Indicates a significant difference between the control and Cd groups (P <0.05); # indicates a significant difference between the Cd and Cd/DMS groups (P <0.05; n = 5-7 per group). DCF, protein carbonyl, and MDA levels are significantly higher in the Cd group and the administration of DMS to Cd-exposed rats leads to a decrease in DCF, protein carbonyl, and MDA levels. The data represent means ± standard error of the mean (SEM).

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