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Table 4 Effects of N. sativa fixed and essential oil on indices of immune system in diabetic rats

From: Effect of Nigella sativa fixed and essential oils on antioxidant status, hepatic enzymes, and immunity in streptozotocin induced diabetes mellitus

Parameters Diets Study intervals (Days)
0 28 56
Xanthine oxidase (IU/mg protein) D 1 26.13 ± 1.51c 29.82 ± 0.97b 32.13 ± 1.63a
D 2 29.03 ± 1.21b 28.28 ± 0.95bc 25.10 ± 1.11d
D 3 29.45 ± 1.12b 26.33 ± 1.28 cd 19.33 ± 0.86e
Myeloperoxidase (IU/mg protein) D 1 15.66 ± 0.904c 17.34 ± 0.562b 20.65 ± 1.047a
D 2 16.09 ± 0.673c 13.53 ± 0.455d 13.28 ± 0.585d
D 3 16.08 ± 0.612c 12.42 ± 0.605e 10.85 ± 0.482f
Nitric oxide (nmol/dL ) D 1 23.42 ± 1.35d 25.98 ± 0.84b 27.13 ± 1.38a
D 2 23.47 ± 0.98c 21.58 ± 0.73d 21.22 ± 0.93d
D 3 24.79 ± 0.94bc 21.21 ± 1.03d 17.43 ± 0.77e
  1. Means sharing same letters in a column/row do not differ significantly at P < 0.05.
  2. D1 = control diet; D2= N. sativa seed fixed oil; D3 = N. sativa seed essential oil.