Volume 12 Supplement 1
P01.41. Melittin inhibits VEGF-A-induced tumor growth and angiogenesis through blocking VEGFR-2 and COX-2 in allograft tumor model and endothelial cells
© Huh et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2012
Published: 12 June 2012
To evaluate the in vivo as well as in vitro anti-angiogenesis effects of melittin, a major polypeptide in bee venom, and to elucidate its molecular mechanisms with a special focus on VEGFR-2 mediated COX-2 and MAPK pathways in VEGF-A-induced Lewis lung cancer (VEGF-A-hm LLC) model and human lymphatic endothelial cells (VEGF-A-HLECs).
We investigated the functional specificity of melittin as an angiogenesis inhibitor using VEGF-A-induced in vitro models and an in vivo lung metastasis mouse model.
Injection of 0.5mg/kg and 5mg/kg of melittin suppressed tumor growth by 25.30% and 56.92%, respectively; these results are superior to those obtained for mice treated with the COX-2 inhibitor, NS398. Melittin reduced tumor cell proliferation (PCNA), microvessel density (MVD), expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), VEGF-A, and VEGFR-2, but did not affect VEGFR-1, in VEGF-A-induced hm LLC tumors. Similarly, the COX-2 inhibitor NS398 significantly inhibited proliferation, MVD, COX-2, VEGF-A, and VEGFR-2 expression in the tumor section, supporting the role of COX-2 in melittin-induced inhibition of angiogenesis. Melittin significantly inhibited VEGF-A-induced proliferation and tube formation in the endothelial cells. Melittin inhibited phosphorylation of ERK 1/2, JNK and p38 MAPK in a dose-dependent manner in VEGF-A-HLECs. p38 inhibitor SB203580 abolished the down regulation of COX-2 and VEGF-A and anti-proliferative activity induced by melittin.
These results suggest that melittin suppresses VEGF-A-induced tumor growth and angiogenesis via VEGFR-2 mediated COX-2 and the MAPK-dependent pathway.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.