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Table 4 Association between race and using treatment approaches among participants with radiographic-confirmed knee osteoarthritis (N = 2583)

From: Racial differences in symptom management approaches among persons with radiographic knee osteoarthritis

Treatment Use African Americans Caucasian Americans Crude Sociodemographic Characteristics Adjusted Sociodemographic and Clinical Characteristics Adjusted
  (n = 508) (n = 2075)    
  percentage Odds ratios of African Americans relative to Caucasian Americans (95% confidence intervals)
CAM Only 16.5 24.2 0.76 0.77 0.68
    (0.57–1.01) (0.56–1.06) (0.48–0.96)
Conventional Medication Only 24.8 14.6 1.89 1.57 0.96
    (1.45–2.46) (1.16–2.15) (0.68–1.35)
Both 25.0 23.8 1.17 1.11 0.59
    (0.91–1.51) (0.83–1.49) (0.42–0.83)
Neither 33.7 37.5 Reference group of outcome variable
  1. Adjusted sociodemographics include age, gender, education, income, marital status and medication insurance coverage.
  2. Besides sociodemographic variables, full model also adjusted KOOS Pain and Quality of Life subscales, Kellgren-Lawrence Grade, history of knee injury or surgery, symptom-related multi-joint osteoarthritis, SF-12 mental health scale, SF-12 physical health scale and obesity status.