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Table 1 Medicinal plants and herbal formulations under investigation

From: Anticancer activities against cholangiocarcinoma, toxicity and pharmacological activities of Thai medicinal plants in animal models

Family Plant Part used Voucher specimen Thai traditional Use
Zingiberaceae Zingiber officinale Roscoe. Rh SKP 206261501 Treatment of hypercholesteremia and high level triglyceride
Compositae Atractylodes lancea (Thung.) DC. Rh SKP 051011201 Treatment of fever, colds, flu, sore throat
Piperaceae Piper chaba Hunt. Fr SKP 146160301 Used as carminative, antidiarrheal
Composition of Pra-Sa Prao-Yhai formulation:
Compositae Artemisia annua Linn. Rh SKP 051010101 Treatment of fever, hemorrhoids
Compositae Atractylodes lancea (Thung.) DC. Rh SKP 051011201 Treatment of fever, colds, flu, sore throat
Cruciferae Asclepias curassavica Linn. Fl SKP 057121901 Used as analgesic
Dracaenaceae Dracaena loureiri Gagnep. St, Ba SKP 065041201 Treatment of cough, fever, inflammation
Guttiferae Mammea siamensis Kosterm. Fl SKP 083131901 Restorative
Guttiferae Mesua ferrea Linn. Fl SKP 083130601 Treatment of dyspepsia
Myristicaceae Myristica fragrans Houtt. Sd SKP 121130601 Treatment of uterus pain, diarrhea
Myrtaceae Syzgium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L.M. Perry Fl SKP 123190101 Treatment of toothache, bacterial infection
Nelumbonaceae Nigella sativa Linn. Sd SKP 160141901 Treatment of jaundice
Sapotadeae Mimusops elengi Linn. Fl SKP 171130501 Used as cordial, tonic. Treatment of syncope
Umbelliferae Angelica dahurica Benth. Rt SKP 199010401 Used as antipyretic, antiasthma, anticough
Umbelliferae Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels Rh SKP 199010901 Treatment of bronchitis pleurisy
Umbelliferae Anethum graveolens Linn. Rt, Fr SKP 199010701 Used as carminative. Treatment of eye pain
Umbelliferae Cuminum cyminum Linn. Sd SKP 199030301 Treatment of dyspepsia, diarrhoea and jaundice
Umbelliferae Foeniculum vulgare Mill. var. dulce Alef. Sd SKP 199062201 Used as analeptic
Umbelliferae Ligusticum sinense Oliv. cv. Chuanxiong Rh SKP 199121901 Treatment of urinary bladder channel,, headache, neurodermatitis
Zingiberaceae Amomum testaceum Ridl. Sd SKP 206011101 Used as carminative, antibacterial
Zingiberaceae Kaempferia galangal Lf SKP 206110701 Antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory