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Table 7 Results of Logistic Regression Analyses Alternative Health Care Consultations: Massage Therapist, Acupuncturist and Homeopath/Naturopath Age 18 or over, Ontario, 2005a

From: Alternative health care consultations in Ontario, Canada: A geographic and socio-demographic analysis

  Model 2 Massage Therapist (massage = 1 all other alt. care = 0) Model 3 Acupuncturist (acupuncture = 1 all other alt. care = 0) Model 4 Homeopath/Naturopath (homeopath/naturopath = 1 all other alt. care = 0)
Independent Variables Odds ratios Odds ratios Odds ratios
Sex    
   Male Reference Reference Reference
   Female 1.43*** (1.25-1.64) 0.60*** (0.51-0.71) 1.27** (1.08-1.49)
Age    
   Age 20-34 2.48*** (1.83-3.37) 0.44*** (0.31-0.63) 0.88 (0.61-1.28)
   Age 35-49 1.94*** (1.46-2.57) 0.62*** (0.45-0.85) 1.11 (0.79-1.56)
   Age 50-64 1.52** (1.13-2.04) 0.86** (0.62-1.19) 1.00 (0.70-1.42)
   Age 65 and over Reference Reference Reference
Marital status    
   Single Reference Reference Reference
   Married/common Law 0.94 (0.78-1.14) 1.26* (0.98-1.60) 1.05 (0.85-1.31)
   Separated/divorced/widowed 0.90 (0.68-1.18) 1.60** (1.16-2.21) 0.89 (0.65-1.22)
Education    
   Less than high school Reference Reference Reference
   High school 1.04 (0.74-1.46) 0.85 (0.58-1.26) 1.51* (0.96-2.36)
   College or trades 1.14 (0.84-1.54) 0.73* (0.52-1.03) 2.02*** (1.35-3.03)
   University 1.11 (0.81-1.51) 0.86 (0.60-1.22) 1.69** (1.12-2.55)
Household income    
   Under $20,000 Reference Reference Reference
   $20,000 to $49,999 1.52** (1.10-2.12) 0.88 (0.60-1.29) 1.02 (0.70-1.49)
   $50,000 to $79,999 2.03*** (1.46-2.80) 0.81 (0.56-1.18) 0.83 (0.57-1.21)
   $80,000 and over 2.65*** (1.92-3.65) 0.64**(0.44-0.94) 0.77 (0.53-1.11)
Chronic condition    
   Yes 0.99 (0.83-1.18) 1.19(0.94-1.50) 1.01 (0.83-1.24)
   No Reference Reference Reference
Self-perceived health    
   Excellent/very good Reference Reference Reference
   Good 0.87* (0.75-1.01) 1.13 (0.94-1.36) 1.12 (0.94-1.33)
   Fair/poor 0.55*** (0.44-0.69) 1.35** (1.05-1.73) 1.44** (1.13-1.85)
Self-perceived unmet health care needs    
   Yes 0.79** (0.67-0.93) 1.56*** (1.29-1.89) 1.28** (1.07-1.54)
   No Reference Reference Reference
Rural residence    
   Urban Reference Reference Reference
   Rural 0.92 (0.75-1.13) 0.99 (0.77-1.28) 1.30** (1.04-1.63)
Place of residence    
   CMA/CA Reference Reference Reference
   Strongly Influenced 1.20 (0.88-1.64) 0.73 (0.49-1.08) 0.94 (0.66-1.11)
   Moderately Influenced 0.84 (0.59-1.20) 0.69 (0.43-1.11) 1.25 (0.84-1.85)
   Weakly/Not Influenced 1.17 (0.75-1.82) 0.38**(0.19-0.76) 1.08 (0.66-1.75)
Constant 0.450 0.468 0.115
Observations 4,328 4,328 4,328
Pseudo R2 0.079 0.068 0.027
  1. a Notes: The dependent variable is consulting an alternative health care provider. The model used for estimation is logistic regression. 95% confidence intervals in parentheses. (*) significant at 10%, (**) significant at 5%, (***) significant at 1%. Reference categories are included in the table.