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  1. Content type: Research article

    The phytochemical constituents and biological activities of Rosa rugosa Thunb. var. plena Regal flower cell sap (RFCS) were investigated.

    Authors: Guixing Ren, Peng Xue, Xiaoyan Sun and Gang Zhao

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:307

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  2. Content type: Study protocol

    Obesity is characterized by increased fat mass and is associated with the development of insulin resistance syndrome (IRS), usually known as metabolic syndrome. The alteration of the intestinal microbiota comp...

    Authors: Carmen Tenorio-Jiménez, María José Martínez-Ramírez, Mercedes Tercero-Lozano, Carmen Arraiza-Irigoyen, Isabel Del Castillo-Codes, Josune Olza, Julio Plaza-Díaz, Luis Fontana, Jairo H. Migueles, Mónica Olivares, Ángel Gil and Carolina Gomez-Llorente

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:306

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Croton species (Euphorbiaceae) are distributed in different parts of the world, and are used in traditional medicine to treat various ailments including cancer, inflammation, parasitic infections and oxidative st...

    Authors: Emmanuel Mfotie Njoya, Jacobus N. Eloff and Lyndy J. McGaw

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:305

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  4. Content type: Research article

    We have previously reported that ingestion of adenosine (ADN) and adenosine-5′-monophosphate (AMP) improves abnormal glucose metabolism in the stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rat model of non-obesity-a...

    Authors: Ardiansyah, Yuto Inagawa, Takuya Koseki, Afifah Zahra Agista, Ikuo Ikeda, Tomoko Goto, Michio Komai and Hitoshi Shirakawa

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:304

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Essential oil obtained from rhizomes of the Zingiber zerumbet (L.) Smith (popularly known in Brazil as bitter ginger) is mainly constituted by the biomolecule zerumbone, which exhibit untapped antimicrobial poten...

    Authors: Thiago Moreira da Silva, Carlos Danniel Pinheiro, Patricia Puccinelli Orlandi, Carlos Cleomir Pinheiro and Gemilson Soares Pontes

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:301

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Vascular dementia is the second most common type of dementia that causes cognitive dysfunction. Acupuncture, an ancient therapy, has been mentioned for the treatment of vascular dementia in previous studies. T...

    Authors: Ze-Yu Zhang, Zhe Liu, Hui-Hui Deng and Qin Chen

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:302

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Epimedium sagittatum (Sieb.et Zucc.) Maxim., Ying-Yang-Huo in Chinese has been used as a traditional Chinese medicine and is deemed to “reinforce the kidney Yang”. Previous studies showed that E. sagittatum could...

    Authors: Ni Yan, Ding-Sheng Wen, Yue-Rui Zhao and Shun-Jun Xu

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:303

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The interest towards botanicals and plant extracts has strongly risen due to their numerous biological effects and ability to counteract chronic diseases development. Among these effects, chemoprevention which...

    Authors: Monia Lenzi, Veronica Cocchi, Aleksandra Novaković, Maja Karaman, Marijana Sakač, Anamarija Mandić, Milica Pojić, Maria Cristina Barbalace, Cristina Angeloni, Patrizia Hrelia, Marco Malaguti and Silvana Hrelia

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:300

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Brachychiton rupestris and Brachychiton discolor (Malvaceae) are ornamental trees native to Australia. Some members of Brachychiton and its highly related genus, Sterculia, are employed in traditional medicine fo...

    Authors: Amany A. Thabet, Fadia S. Youssef, Michal Korinek, Fang-Rong Chang, Yang-Chang Wu, Bing-Hung Chen, Mohamed El-Shazly, Abdel Nasser B. Singab and Tsong-Long Hwang

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:299

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a common female reproductive disorder with multiple manifestations. Weight management is a key therapeutic goal. Acupuncture is a potential adjunctive weight loss treatment ...

    Authors: Carolyn Ee, Caroline Smith, Michael Costello, Freya MacMillan, Lisa Moran, Brandi Baylock and Helena Teede

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:298

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  11. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the present status of Kampo education, which has still not been elucidated, after the introduction of the new core national curriculum of 2015 into nationwide pharmacy education, in all 74 pharm...

    Authors: Yoshinobu Nakada and Makoto Arai

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:297

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Oral and pharyngeal cancer is the most common malignant human cancers. Chemotherapy is an effective approach for anti-oral cancer therapy, while the drug tolerance and resistance remain a problem for oral canc...

    Authors: Qihong Li, Jun Wen, Kaitao Yu, Yao Shu, Wulin He, Hongxing Chu, Bin Zhang and Cheng Ge

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:296

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Extracellular polymeric substances isolated from Aureobasidium pullulans (EAP), containing specifically 13% β-1,3/1,6-glucan, have shown various favorable bone-preserving effects. Textoria morbifera Nakai (TM) tr...

    Authors: Chang-Soo Cho, Hye-Seong Jeong, In-Young Kim, Go-Woon Jung, Bon-Hwa Ku, Dong-Chan Park, Seung-Bae Moon, Hyung-Rae Cho, Khawaja Muhammad Imran Bashir, Sae Kwang Ku and Jae-Suk Choi

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:295

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  14. Content type: Research article

    This study aims to examine the effects of green tea extract (GTE) supplement on overweight and obese women with high levels of low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C).

    Authors: Lin-Huang Huang, Chia-Yu Liu, Li-Yu Wang, Chien-Jung Huang and Chung-Hua Hsu

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:294

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Chinese traditional herbal medicine Fuzhengkangai (FZKA) formulation combination with gefitinib can overcome drug resistance and improve the prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma patients. However, the pharmacologi...

    Authors: Zhitong Bing, Zhiyuan Cheng, Danfeng Shi, Xinkui Liu, Jinhui Tian, Xiaojun Yao, Jingyun Zhang, Yongfeng Wang and Kehu Yang

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:293

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Zuojinwan (ZJW), a classic herbal formula, has been extensively used to treat gastric symptoms in clinical practice in China for centuries. However, the pharmacological mechanisms of ZJW still remain vague to ...

    Authors: Guohua Yu, Wubin Wang, Xu Wang, Meng Xu, Lili Zhang, Lei Ding, Rui Guo and Yuanyuan Shi

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:292

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Comorbidity of musculoskeletal (MSK) and mental health (MH) problems is common but challenging to treat using conventional approaches. Integration of conventional with complementary approaches (CAM) might help...

    Authors: Deborah Sharp, Ava Lorenc, Gene Feder, Paul Little, Sandra Hollinghurst, Stewart Mercer and Hugh MacPherson

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:290

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Individuals living with and beyond a cancer diagnosis are increasingly using complementary therapies and medicines (CM) to enhance the effectiveness of cancer treatment, manage treatment-related side effects, ...

    Authors: Caroline A. Smith, Jennifer Hunter, Geoff P. Delaney, Jane M. Ussher, Kate Templeman, Suzanne Grant and Eleanor Oyston

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:289

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  19. Content type: Case report

    Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) is an uncommon disease, but it can lead to acute cord compression with disabling consequences. Identifiable reasons for spontaneous hemorrhage are vascular malformat...

    Authors: Eo Jin Kim, Joonghyun Ahn and Seung-Ju Kim

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:291

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  20. Content type: Research article

    There are an increasing number of evidences that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a systemic illness and that bodyweight loss is its prominent manifestation. We focused on the nutritional outcom...

    Authors: Masao Suzuki, Shigeo Muro, Motonari Fukui, Naoto Ishizaki, Susumu Sato, Tetsuhiro Shiota, Kazuo Endo, Tomoko Suzuki, Tadamichi Mitsuma, Michiaki Mishima and Toyohiro Hirai

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:287

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Iridoid glycosides (IGs), including monotropein (MON) and deacetyl asperulosidic acid (DA) as the main ingredients, are the major chemical components in Morinda officinalis How. (MO) root, possessing various phar...

    Authors: Yi Shen, Qi Zhang, Yan-bin Wu, Yu-qiong He, Ting Han, Jian-hua Zhang, Liang Zhao, Hsien-yeh Hsu, Hong-tao Song, Bing Lin, Hai-liang Xin, Yun-peng Qi and Qiao-yan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:288

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The use of herbal medicines in developing countries has been increasing over the years. In Ghana, since 2011, the government has been piloting the integration of herbal medicine in 17 public hospitals. However...

    Authors: Bernard Appiah, Isaac Kingsley Amponsah, Anubhuti Poudyal and Merlin Lincoln Kwao Mensah

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:286

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Lifestyle-related diseases such as diabetes are steadily increasing worldwide. In Sudan, there are a variety of plant species used traditionally for the treatment of diabetes, obesity and other symptoms which ...

    Authors: Sara Mustafa Idris Elbashir, Hari Prasad Devkota, Mikiyo Wada, Naoki Kishimoto, Masataka Moriuchi, Tsuyoshi Shuto, Shogo Misumi, Hirofumi Kai and Takashi Watanabe

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:282

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Spondias tuberosa is a plant that produces a fruit crop with high economic relevance at Brazilian Caatinga. Its roots and leaves are used in folk medicine.

    Authors: Bruna Maria Pereira da Costa Cordeiro, Nataly Diniz de Lima Santos, Magda Rhayanny Assunção Ferreira, Larissa Cardoso Corrêa de Araújo, Alexsander Rodrigues Carvalho Junior, Alan Diego da Conceição Santos, Ana Paula de Oliveira, Alexandre Gomes da Silva, Emerson Peter da Silva Falcão, Maria Tereza dos Santos Correia, Jackson Roberto Guedes da Silva Almeida, Luís Cláudio Nascimento da Silva, Luiz Alberto Lira Soares, Thiago Henrique Napoleão, Márcia Vanusa da Silva and Patrícia Maria Guedes Paiva

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:284

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Crataeva nurvala Buch-Hum is an indigenous herb, extensively used in traditional medicines of the South Asian countries to treat inflammation, rheumatic fever, gastric irritation, and constipation. Despite this w...

    Authors: Md Moniruzzaman, Md Abdul Mannan, Md Farhad Hossen Khan, Ariful Basher Abir and Mirola Afroze

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:283

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  26. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of combinations of steroidal alkaloids and conessine from the Thai medicinal plant Holarrhena antidysenterica with antibiotics against Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains poss...

    Authors: Thanyaluck Siriyong, Supayang Piyawan Voravuthikunchai and Peter John Coote

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:285

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Although a quarter of Americans are estimated to have multiple chronic conditions, information on the impact of chronic disease dyads and triads on use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is scarce...

    Authors: Justice Mbizo, Anthony Okafor, Melanie A. Sutton, Bryan Leyva, Leauna M. Stone and Oluwadamilola Olaku

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:281

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Rest or acute exercise can decrease state anxiety, with some evidence showing exercise to prevent laboratory-induced elevations in anxiety. No study has examined whether yoga provides short-term protection aga...

    Authors: Kembra Albracht-Schulte and Jacalyn Robert-McComb

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:280

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    Osteoarthritis (OA) is not limited to joint pain and stiffness, which can lead to disability; it is also linked to comorbidities such as overweight, obesity and fears and beliefs related to the pathology. The ...

    Authors: Chloe Gay, Candy Guiguet-Auclair, Bruno Pereira, Anna Goldstein, Loïc Bareyre, Nicolas Coste and Emmanuel Coudeyre

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:279

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Acanthus ebracteatus (AE), an herb native to Asia, has been recognized in traditional folk medicine not only for its antioxidant properties and various pharmacological activities but also as an ingredient of long...

    Authors: Anchalee Prasansuklab and Tewin Tencomnao

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:278

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Traditional Chinese medicine injections (TCMIs) have been widely used to treat severe and acute diseases due to their high bioavailability, accurate curative effect, and rapid effect. However, incidence rates ...

    Authors: Chunxiao Li, Tao Xu, Peng Zhou, Junhua Zhang, Ge Guan, Hui Zhang, Xiao Ling, Weixia Li, Fei Meng, Guanping Liu, Linyan Lv, Jun Yuan, Xuelin Li and Mingjun Zhu

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:277

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  32. Content type: Retraction Note

    The editor has retracted this article [1] due to overlap with a previously published article [2]. Both articles also appear to use the same image representing different fungal mycelial growths. S.K. Sharma and...

    Authors: Sapan Kumar Sharma, Nandini Gautam and Narender Singh Atri

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:276

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    The original article was published in BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2015 15:446

  33. Content type: Research article

    Cistanche tubulosa (Schenk) R. Wight is a traditional Chinese medicine that parasitizes the roots of the Tamarix plant and has been used to treat male impotence, sterility, body weakness, and as a tonic. However,...

    Authors: Pengfei Yuan, Jinyu Li, Adila Aipire, Yi Yang, Lijie Xia, Xinhui Wang, Yijie Li and Jinyao Li

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:275

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Cucumis prophetarum var. prophetarum is used in Saudi folk medicine for treating liver disorders and grows widely between Abha and Khamis Mushait City, Saudi Arabia.

    Authors: Abdulrhman Alsayari, Lucas Kopel, Mahmoud Salama Ahmed, Hesham S. M. Soliman, Sivakumar Annadurai and Fathi T. Halaweish

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:274

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Sutherlandia frutescens is one of the most promising commercialized, indigenous and medicinal plants of South Africa that is used as an immune-booster, and a traditional treatment for cancer. However, few studies...

    Authors: Longsheng Chen, Minjie Xu, Zhunan Gong, Samkele Zonyane, Shuwen Xu and Nokwanda P. Makunga

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:273

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Tithonia diversifolia and T. rotundifolia belong to the Asteraceae family and are native to Mexico and Central America. These plants have become invasive in parts of tropical Africa and Asia where they have becom...

    Authors: Aitebiremen Gift Omokhua, Muna Ali Abdalla, Johannes Van Staden and Lyndy Joy McGaw

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:272

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The extracts of the ten selected Sri Lankan medicinal plants have been traditionally used in the treatment of inflammatory mediated diseases. The extracts were investigated for anti-inflammatory and anti-oxida...

    Authors: Hettiarachchige Dona Sachindra Melshandi Perera, Jayanetti Koralalage Ramani Radhika Samarasekera, Shiroma Mangalika Handunnetti, Ovitigala Vithanage Don Sisira Jagathpriya Weerasena, Hasitha Dhananjaya Weeratunga, Almas Jabeen and Muhammad Iqbal Choudhary

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:271

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Glutamate, the major excitatory neurotransmitter of CNS acts as a neurotoxin at higher concentrations. Prolonged activation of glutamate receptors results in progressive neuronal damage by aggravating calcium ...

    Authors: Anuradha Sharma and Gurcharan Kaur

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:268

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Chrysophyllum cainito L., a tropical fruit tree, has been used as an alternative medicine for the treatment of diabetic patients in many countries. However, there is very limited scientific rationale for this med...

    Authors: Hau Van Doan, Siriporn Riyajan, Roongtip Iyara and Nuannoi Chudapongse

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:267

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Dietary supplements (DS) are nutraceuticals that improve overall health and well-being of an individual as well as reduce the risk of diseases. Evidence indicates a rising prevalence of these products worldwid...

    Authors: Atta Abbas Naqvi, Rizwan Ahmad, Abdullah Abdul Wahid Elewi, Ayman Hussain AlAwa and Moayed Jafar Alasiri

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:269

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Oxidative stress plays a crucial role in aging-related phenomenon, including skin aging and photoaging. This study investigated the protective role and possible mechanism of Terminalia catappa L. methanolic extra...

    Authors: Ya-Han Huang, Po-Yuan Wu, Kuo-Ching Wen, Chien-Yih Lin and Hsiu-Mei Chiang

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:266

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Schisandra chinenesis (SC) has been reported to have ameliorative effect on osteoporosis. However, the mechanisms underlying the anti-osteoporosis activity of SC have not been clearly elucidated. In the present s...

    Authors: Eun-Jung Kim, Haesu Lee, Mi Hye Kim and Woong Mo Yang

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:270

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  43. Content type: Research article

    A substantial literature supports antidiabetic properties of the lanosteryl triterpene (methyl-3β-hydroxylanosta-9,24-dien-21-oate, RA-3) isolated from Protorhus longifolia stem bark. However, the molecular mecha...

    Authors: Sihle Ephraim Mabhida, Rabia Johnson, Musawenkosi Ndlovu, Nonhlakanipho Felicia Sangweni, Johan Louw, Andrew Opoku and Rebamang Anthony Mosa

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:265

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  44. Content type: Research article

    One of the most common orthopedic problems is the incidence of pressure ulcer followed by immobility. This study aimed to investigate the effect of Aloe Vera gel on the prevention of pressure ulcer in patients ho...

    Authors: Davood Hekmatpou, Fatemeh Mehrabi, Kobra Rahzani and Atefeh Aminiyan

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:264

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Euphorbia supina (ES) plant has been used as treatment for inflammatory conditions. The antibacterial effect and the anti-inflammatory mechanism of ES for Propionibacterium (P.) acnes-induced inflammation in THP-...

    Authors: Hyeon-Ji Lim, Yong-Deok Jeon, Sa-Haeng Kang, Min-Kyoung Shin, Ki-Min Lee, Se-Eun Jung, Ji-Yun Cha, Hoon-Yoen Lee, Bo-Ram Kim, Sung-Woo Hwang, Jong-Hyun Lee, Takashi Sugita, Otomi Cho, Hyun Myung, Jong-Sik Jin and Young-Mi Lee

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:263

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  46. Content type: Correction

    After the publication of this article [1] it came to our attention that one author, Boon Yin Khoo, was erroneously omitted from the authorship list.

    Authors: Elham Farsi, Mariam Ahmad, Sook Yee Hor, Mohamed B Khadeer Ahamed, Mun Fei Yam, Boon Yin Khoo and Mohd Zaini Asmawi

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:262

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    The original article was published in BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2014 14:220

  47. Content type: Research article

    Due to limitations of conventional medicine for atopic eczema (AE), complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is widely used as an alternative, maintaining, or simultaneous treatment for AE. We aimed to eva...

    Authors: Chun-li Lu, Xue-han Liu, Trine Stub, Agnete E. Kristoffersen, Shi-bing Liang, Xiao Wang, Xue Bai, Arne Johan Norheim, Frauke Musial, Terje Araek, Vinjar Fonnebo and Jian-ping Liu

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:260

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Antimicrobial resistance was one of serious worldwide problems confused many researchers. To solve this problem, we explored the antibacterial effect of chelerythrine, a natural compound from traditional Chine...

    Authors: Nan He, Peiqing Wang, Pengyu Wang, Changyang Ma and Wenyi Kang

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:261

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  49. Content type: Research article

    For decades, various cardiovascular symptoms have been relieved by the use of Ya-Hom Navakot, which is a formulation comprising 54 herbal medicines. The Thailand Ministry of Public Health listed Ya-Hom Navakot...

    Authors: Napatara Tirawanchai, Sudarat Supapornhemin, Anchaleekorn Somkasetrin, Bhoom Suktitipat and Sumate Ampawong

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:258

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  50. Content type: Research article

    Biologically-based complementary medicines (BB-CAM) including herbs and nutritional supplements are frequently taken by breast- and gynecological cancer patients undergoing systemic therapy. The aim of this st...

    Authors: Loisa Drozdoff, Evelyn Klein, Marion Kiechle and Daniela Paepke

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:259

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