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  1. Content type: Research article

    Recently, natural products have been evaluated as sources of antimicrobial agents with efficacies against a variety of micro-organisms.

    Authors: Simon WJ Gould, Mark D Fielder, Alison F Kelly and Declan P Naughton

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:23

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Buddleja saligna Willd (Loganiaceae) is a small to medium-sized evergreen tree; trunk short, often gnarled and crooked; crown dense, rounded or domed-shaped; foliage greyish green. The wild olives are traditiona...

    Authors: Adeolu A Adedapo, Florence O Jimoh, Srinivas Koduru, Patrick J Masika and Anthony J Afolayan

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:21

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Liqi, an herbal preparation used in traditional Chinese medicine, has been used to treat cancer in China for centuries. We investigated the anti-tumor effects of liqi and their mechanisms in mice that had been x...

    Authors: Deng-Bo Ji, Jia Ye, Yi-Min Jiang and Bo-Wen Qian

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:20

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The potential contribution of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) modalities to promote and support critical health literacy has not received substantial attention within either the health promotion o...

    Authors: Andrew F Long

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:19

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  5. Content type: Debate

    The extent to which a health care intervention causes or facilitates health-related change is a key question in research. The need to quantify such change has led to the development of an increasing number of ...

    Authors: Charlotte Paterson, Charlotte Baarts, Laila Launsø and Marja J Verhoef

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:18

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Human communities consistently develop a detailed knowledge of the therapeutical and medicinal properties of the local flora and fauna, and these folk remedies often substitute medicines produced by the pharma...

    Authors: Felipe S Ferreira, Samuel V Brito, Samuel C Ribeiro, Antônio AF Saraiva, Waltécio O Almeida and Rômulo RN Alves

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:17

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Bach Flower Remedies are thought to help balance emotional state and are commonly recommended by practitioners for psychological problems and pain. We assessed whether Bach Flower Remedies (BFRs) are safe and ...

    Authors: Kylie Thaler, Angela Kaminski, Andrea Chapman, Tessa Langley and Gerald Gartlehner

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:16

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Angiogenesis, a complex multistep process that comprehends proliferation, migration and anastomosis of endothelial cells (EC), has a major role in the development of pathologic conditions such as inflammatory ...

    Authors: Flávia CM Lopes, Ana Rocha, Ana Pirraco, Luis O Regasini, Dulce HS Silva, Vanderlan S Bolzani, Isabel Azevedo, Iracilda Z Carlos and Raquel Soares

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:15

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  9. Content type: Study protocol

    Between 7% and 48% of cancer patients report taking herbal medicines after diagnosis. Because of the possibility of unwanted side effects or interactions with conventional treatments, people with cancer are ge...

    Authors: Christine Gratus, Sue Wilson, Sheila M Greenfield, Sarah L Damery, Sally A Warmington, Robert Grieve, Neil M Steven and Philip Routledge

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:14

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Staphylococcus genus is widely spread in nature being part of the indigenous microbiota of skin and mucosa of animal and birds. Some Staphylococcus species are frequently recognized as etiological agents of many...

    Authors: Henrique DM Coutinho, José GM Costa, Edeltrudes O Lima, Vivyanne S Falcão-Silva and José P Siqueira Júnior

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:13

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Qi vacuity (QV) is defined by traditional Chinese medicine as a loss of energy in the human body. An objective method for detecting QV was not available until recently, however. The automatic reflective diagno...

    Authors: Ming-Feng Chen, Hsi-Ming Yu, Shu-Fang Li and Ta-Jung You

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:12

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The efficacy of natural products (NPs) is being evaluated using randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with increasing frequency, yet a search of the literature did not identify a widely accepted critical apprais...

    Authors: Tannis Jurgens, Anne Marie Whelan, Melissa MacDonald and Lindsay Lord

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:11

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) is widely used throughout the UK and the Western world. CAM is commonly used for children and the decision-making process to use CAM is affected by numerous factors...

    Authors: Ava Lorenc, Yael Ilan-Clarke, Nicola Robinson and Mitch Blair

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:9

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Considerable interest has been aroused in recent years by the well-known notion that biological systems are sensitive to visible light. With clinical applications of visible radiation in the far-red to near-in...

    Authors: Alessandro Giuliani, Luca Lorenzini, Michele Gallamini, Alessandro Massella, Luciana Giardino and Laura Calzà

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:8

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Recent years have witnessed that there is a revival of interest in drug discovery from medicinal plants for the maintenance of health in all parts of the world. The aim of this work was to investigate 26 plant...

    Authors: Ramzi A Mothana, Ulrike Lindequist, Renate Gruenert and Patrick J Bednarski

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:7

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Originating from Africa, India, and the Middle East, frankincense oil has been important both socially and economically as an ingredient in incense and perfumes for thousands of years. Frankincense oil is prep...

    Authors: Mark Barton Frank, Qing Yang, Jeanette Osban, Joseph T Azzarello, Marcia R Saban, Ricardo Saban, Richard A Ashley, Jan C Welter, Kar-Ming Fung and Hsueh-Kung Lin

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:6

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to review evaluations and audits of primary care complementary therapy services to determine the impact of these services on improving health outcomes and reducing NHS costs. Our inte...

    Authors: Lesley Wye, Deborah Sharp and Alison Shaw

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:5

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Bee products (including propolis, royal jelly, and bee pollen) are popular, traditional health foods. We compared antioxidant effects among water and ethanol extracts of Brazilian green propolis (WEP or EEP), ...

    Authors: Yoshimi Nakajima, Kazuhiro Tsuruma, Masamitsu Shimazawa, Satoshi Mishima and Hideaki Hara

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:4

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Alternative treatments are commonly used for various disorders and often taken on-demand. On-demand treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) with pharmaceutical products is an established, cost-effe...

    Authors: Per G Farup, Mathis Heibert and Victor Høeg

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:3

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Several in vitro studies have looked at the effect of medicinal plant extracts against Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). Regardless of the popular use of Byrsonima crassa (B. crassa) as antiemetic, diuretic, febri...

    Authors: Cibele Bonacorsi, Maria Stella G Raddi, Iracilda Z Carlos, Miriam Sannomiya and Wagner Vilegas

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:2

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Estimating a realistic effect size is an important issue in the planning of clinical studies of complementary and alternative medicine therapies. When a minimally important difference is not available, researc...

    Authors: Michael F Johnston, Ron D Hays and Ka-Kit Hui

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2009 9:1

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is on the increase globally with a high prevalence in children and adults with chronic illnesses. Many studies have evaluated the epidemiology of medicin...

    Authors: Kazeem A Oshikoya, Idowu O Senbanjo, Olisamedua F Njokanma and Ayo Soipe

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:66

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Punica granatum L. or pomegranates, have been reported to have antimicrobial activity against a range of Gram positive and negative bacteria. Pomegranate formulations containing ferrous salts have enhanced altho...

    Authors: Erin M McCarrell, Simon WJ Gould, Mark D Fielder, Alison F Kelly, Waffa El Sankary and Declan P Naughton

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:64

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Many diseases are associated with oxidative stress caused by free radicals. Current research is directed towards finding naturally-occurring antioxidants of plant origin. The aim of the present study was to ev...

    Authors: Bibhabasu Hazra, Santanu Biswas and Nripendranath Mandal

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:63

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Mosquitoes are associated with the transmission of malaria, dengue, Japanese encephalitis, filariasis and other viral diseases throughout the globe, apart from being a nuisance pest. Biological control alone o...

    Authors: Nandita Chowdhury, Subrata Laskar and Goutam Chandra

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:62

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Anthroposophic medicine offers a variety of treatments, among others the oil-dispersion bath, developed in the 1930s by Werner Junge. Based on the phenomenon that oil and water do not mix and on recommendation...

    Authors: Arndt Büssing, Dirk Cysarz, Friedrich Edelhäuser, Gudrun Bornhöft, Peter F Matthiessen and Thomas Ostermann

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:61

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  27. Content type: Research article

    There is ethnopharmacological evidence that Petiveria alliacea can have antitumor activity; however, the mechanism of its cytotoxic activity is not well understood. We assessed multiple in vitro biological activi...

    Authors: Claudia Urueña, Claudia Cifuentes, Diana Castañeda, Amparo Arango, Punit Kaur, Alexzander Asea and Susana Fiorentino

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:60

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Osteoclasts (OCs) are involved in rheumatoid arthritis and in several pathologies associated with bone loss. Recent results support the concept that some medicinal plants and derived natural products are of gr...

    Authors: Letizia Penolazzi, Ilaria Lampronti, Monica Borgatti, Mahmud Tareq Hassan Khan, Margherita Zennaro, Roberta Piva and Roberto Gambari

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:59

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  29. Content type: Database

    Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), a complementary and alternative medical system in Western countries, has been used to treat various diseases over thousands of years in East Asian countries. In recent years...

    Authors: Yu-Ching Fang, Hsuan-Cheng Huang, Hsin-Hsi Chen and Hsueh-Fen Juan

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:58

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The leaves and the fruits from Syzygium jambolanum DC.(Myrtaceae), a plant known in Brazil as sweet olive or 'jambolão', have been used by native people to treat infectious diseases, diabetes, and stomachache. Si...

    Authors: Márcia CG Maciel, Jardel C Farias, Michele J Maluf, Eliane A Gomes, Paulo VS Pereira, Walmir C Aragão-Filho, Josias B Frazão, Graciomar C Costa, Sanara M Sousa, Lucilene A Silva, Flávia MM Amaral, Momtchilo Russo, Rosane NM Guerra and Flávia RF Nascimento

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:57

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Recurrent otitis media is a common problem in young children. Echinacea and osteopathic manipulative treatment have been proposed as preventive measures, but have been inadequately studied. This study was desi...

    Authors: Richard A Wahl, Michael B Aldous, Katherine A Worden and Kathryn L Grant

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:56

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Among the naturally occurring compounds, turmeric from the dried rhizome of the plant Curcuma longa has long been used extensively as a condiment and a household remedy all over Southeast Asia. Turmeric contains ...

    Authors: Preeti Dohare, Puja Garg, Uma sharma, NR Jagannathan and Madhur Ray

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:55

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Acokanthera oppositifolia Lam (family: Apocynaceae) is a shrub or small tree with white latex, and the leaves of this plant are used in the form of a snuff to treat headaches and in infusions for abdominal pains...

    Authors: Adeolu A Adedapo, Florence O Jimoh, Anthony J Afolayan and Patrick J Masika

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:54

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  34. Content type: Research article

    In South Africa, Calpurnia aurea (Ait.) Benth is used to destroy lice and to relieve itches, to destroy maggots and to treat allergic rashes, particularly those caused by caterpillars. Antioxidants play an import...

    Authors: Adeolu A Adedapo, Florence O Jimoh, Srinivas Koduru, Anthony J Afolayan and Patrick J Masika

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:53

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  35. Content type: Research article

    This study is part of a nationwide evaluation of complementary medicine in Switzerland (Programme Evaluation of Complementary Medicine PEK) and was funded by the Swiss Federal Office of Public Health. The main...

    Authors: Florica Marian, Kerstin Joost, Krishan D Saini, Klaus von Ammon, André Thurneysen and André Busato

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:52

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Soft tissue injury imposes major public health burdens worldwide. The positive effect of China's Tibetan medicine and the Lamiophlomis rotata-based herbal Pain Relieving Plaster (PRP) on healing closed soft tissu...

    Authors: Yong-Zhi Wang, Chun-Yu Guo, Hong-Gang Zhong, Wan-Nian Zhang, De-Long Wang, Xuan Wang and Fu-Hui Dong

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:51

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use is prevalent among HIV-infected patients to reduce the toxicity of antiretroviral therapy. Ginseng has been used for treatment of hyperglycemia and insulin resi...

    Authors: Adriana SA Andrade, Craig Hendrix, Teresa L Parsons, Benjamin Caballero, Chun-Su Yuan, Charles W Flexner, Adrian S Dobs and Todd T Brown

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:50

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  38. Content type: Research article

    We previously hypothesized that achievement of recovery of brain function after the injury requires the reconstruction of neuronal networks, including neurite regeneration and synapse reformation. Kihi-to is c...

    Authors: Chihiro Tohda, Rie Naito and Eri Joyashiki

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:49

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  39. Content type: Research article

    While the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) among cancer patients is common and widespread, levels of commitment to CAM vary. "Committed" CAM use is important to investigate, as it may be ass...

    Authors: Johanna Hök, Carol Tishelman, Alexander Ploner, Anette Forss and Torkel Falkenberg

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:48

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Coronary heart disease patients have to learn to manage their condition to maximise quality of life and prevent recurrence or deterioration. They may develop their own informal methods of self-management in ad...

    Authors: Sheila Greenfield, Helen Pattison and Kate Jolly

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:47

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Functional Bowel Disorders (FBD) are chronic disorders that are difficult to treat and manage. Many patients and doctors are dissatisfied with the level of improvement in symptoms that can be achieved with sta...

    Authors: Miranda AL van Tilburg, Olafur S Palsson, Rona L Levy, Andrew D Feld, Marsha J Turner, Douglas A Drossman and William E Whitehead

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:46

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Evidence-based practice (EBP) has become an important competency in many allied and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) health care practitioners' professional standards of proficiency.

    Authors: Julie Hadley, Ismail Hassan and Khalid S Khan

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:45

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The use of animal products in healing is an ancient and widespread cross-cultural practice. In northeastern Brazil, especially in the semi-arid region, animals and plants are widely used in traditional medicin...

    Authors: Rômulo RN Alves, Helenice N Lima, Marília C Tavares, Wedson MS Souto, Raynner RD Barboza and Alexandre Vasconcellos

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:44

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has become more common in Western developed countries in recent years, as has media reporting on CAM and related issues. Correspondingly, media reports a...

    Authors: Laura C Weeks and Tina Strudsholm

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:43

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  45. Content type: Research article

    St. John's wort (SJW), used to treat depression, is popular in the USA, Canada, and parts of Europe. However, there are documented interactions between SJW and prescription medications including warfarin, cycl...

    Authors: Kevin A Clauson, Marile L Santamarina and Jennifer C Rutledge

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:42

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Honey has been shown to have wound healing properties which can be ascribed to its antimicrobial activity. The antimicrobial activity can be effective against a broad spectrum of bacterial species especially t...

    Authors: Nicolaas J Basson and Sias R Grobler

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:41

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Natural health products (NHPs) such as herbs, vitamins and homeopathic medicines, are currently available for sale in most Canadian pharmacies. However, most pharmacists report that they have limited knowledge...

    Authors: Della Kwan, Heather S Boon, Kristine Hirschkorn, Sandy Welsh, Tannis Jurgens, Lynda Eccott, Shirley Heschuk, Glenn G Griener and Jillian C Cohen-Kohler

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2008 8:40

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