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Basic research

Edited by Jacobus Eloff, Victor Kuete and Insop Shim

This section covers pre-clinical, in vitro and in vivo studies related to interventions or resources in the complementary medicine field, including the isolation and purification or herbal remedies, toxicological studies and research into the biological mechanisms of action of the intervention or resource.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Terminalia chebula Retz. (Combretaceae) is a traditional herbal medicine that is widely used in the treatment of diabetes, immunodeficiency diseases, and stomach ulcer in Asia. However, the anti-amnesic effect of...

    Authors: Min-Soo Kim, Dong Young Lee, Jun Lee, Hyun Woo Kim, Sang Hyun Sung, Jung-Soo Han and Won Kyung Jeon

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:136

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Brazilian green propolis is produced by mixing secretions from Africanized honey bees with exudate, mainly from Baccharis dracunculifolia. Brazilian propolis is especially rich in flavonoids and cinammic acid der...

    Authors: Hiroshi Kitamura, Natsuko Saito, Junpei Fujimoto, Ken-ichi Nakashima and Daisuke Fujikura

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:138

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Schistosomiasis is an acute and chronic zoonotic parasitic disease caused by trematode worms. The host inflammatory response to schistosome eggs leads to perioval granulomata formation, mainly in the liver and...

    Authors: Dina M. Metwally, Ebtesam M. Al-Olayan, Mohammad Alanazi, Sanaa B. Alzahrany and Abdelhabib Semlali

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:135

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Radix Paeoniae Rubra (RPR), a traditional Chinese herb, has anti-inflammatory and immuno-regulatory properties. This study explored the effects of RPR on stimulation of osteoclast differentiation in RAW264.7 c...

    Authors: Huey-En Tzeng, Chun-Hao Tsai, Tin-Yun Ho, Chin-Tung Hsieh, Shen-Chieh Chou, Yi-Ju Lee, Gregory J. Tsay, Po-Hao Huang and Yi-Ying Wu

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:132

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The medicinal orchid Dendrobium moniliforme contains water-soluble polysaccharides, phenanthrenes, bibenzyl derivatives, and polyphenol compounds. This study explored the antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of D...

    Authors: Mukti Ram Paudel, Mukesh Babu Chand, Basant Pant and Bijaya Pant

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:134

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Previously, we reported that ChondorT showed significant anti-arthritis and anti-inflammatory effects. ChondroT, a new herbal medication, consists of the water extracts of Osterici Radix, Lonicerae Folium, Angeli...

    Authors: Jiwon Jeong, Kiljoon Bae, Sun-Gil Kim, Dongwook Kwak, Young-Joo Moon, Chan-Hun Choi, Young-Ran Kim, Chang-Su Na and Seon-Jong Kim

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:131

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Houttuynia cordata Thunb. and Phyllanthus emblica Linn. are native plants with medicinal and nutritive significance in Asia. The present study was aimed at evaluating antiproliferative effects on human cancer cel...

    Authors: Piyawan Kumnerdkhonkaen, Somprasong Saenglee, Md. Ali Asgar, Gulsiri Senawong, Kanoknan Khongsukwiwat and Thanaset Senawong

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:130

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Crocin (CRO), chlorogenic acid (CGA), geniposide (GEN), and quercetin (QUE) are all natural compounds with anti-obesity properties, in particular, hypolipidemic effects, which have been widely used for the tre...

    Authors: Ennian Leng, Yuan Xiao, Zhentao Mo, Yiqi Li, Yueyue Zhang, Xiaosi Deng, Min Zhou, Chaochao Zhou, Zengxuan He, Jingyi He, Lu Xiao, Junming Li and Wenna Li

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:122

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Cucumis sativus L. (cucumber), from the family Cucurbitaceae, is a therapeutic plant with various pharmacological benefits, broadly utilized as a part of complementary medicine (e.g., Unani, Ayurveda, Siddha, and...

    Authors: Raid Al Akeel, Ayesha Mateen, Khalid K. Alharbi, Abdullah A. Alyousef, Hazem M. Al-Mandeel and Rabbani Syed

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:121

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  10. Content type: Research article

    A Chinese herbal formula, namely Jian-Pi-Yi-Shen (JPYS), has been clinically prescribed for patients with chronic kidney disease associated-anemia, and which can improve the patient’s immunological system. How...

    Authors: Jianping Chen, Amy G. W. Gong, Xiaoyan Liu, Zhonggui Li, Airong Qi, Tina T. X. Dong, Tiegang Yi, Karl W. K. Tsim and Shunmin Li

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:119

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Among the processes involved in the breast tumor microenvironment, angiogenesis and inflammation play a central role, and the main factors of these processes are the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), ...

    Authors: Jéssica Alessandra-Perini, Jamila Alessandra Perini, Karina Cristina Rodrigues-Baptista, Roberto Soares de Moura, Antonio Palumbo Junior, Thiago Alves dos Santos, Pergentino José Cunha Souza, Luiz Eurico Nasciutti and Daniel Escorsim Machado

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:116

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Bupleurum yinchowense Shan et Y. Li is widely used to treat depressive and anxiety disorders for hundreds of years in China. Total saikosaponins (TSS) is the major ingredient of Bupleurum yinchowense. A-amino-3-h...

    Authors: Xiuping Sun, Xianglei Li, Ruile Pan, Yanfeng Xu, Qiong Wang and Mingjing Song

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:117

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) is a polygenic disease requiring a multipronged therapeutic approach. In the current scenario, the use of polyherbals is increasing among the diabetics. MD-1, a poly herbal formulation is...

    Authors: Srivani Telapolu, Mangathayaru Kalachavedu, Alan Mathew Punnoose and Dwarakanath Bilikere

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:113

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Accumulating evidence suggests that Fructus Ligustri Lucidi (FLL) plays a beneficial role in preventing the development of osteoporosis. However, the effects of FLL on estrogen receptor (ER) α and ERβ expressions...

    Authors: Yu-qing Tang, Cheng Li, Xue-jiao Sun, Yi Liu, Xi-ting Wang, Yu-bo Guo, Li-li Wang, Ru-feng Ma, Jian-zhao Niu, Min Fu, Dong-wei Zhang and Yu Li

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:118

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Influenza infection remains a major health threat for animals and humans which crucially requires effective antiviral remedies. The usage of herbal medications as readily available alternatives for their compa...

    Authors: Parvaneh Mehrbod, Muna A. Abdalla, Emmanuel M. Njoya, Aroke S. Ahmed, Fatemeh Fotouhi, Behrokh Farahmand, Dorcas A. Gado, Mansoureh Tabatabaian, Olubunmi G. Fasanmi, Jacobus N. Eloff, Lyndy J. McGaw and Folorunso O. Fasina

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:112

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia and the number of AD patients continues to increase worldwide. Components of the germ layer and bran of Brown rice (BR) help maintain good health an...

    Authors: Michiaki Okuda, Yuki Fujita, Takuya Katsube, Hiromasa Tabata, Katsumi Yoshino, Michio Hashimoto and Hachiro Sugimoto

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:110

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Antrodia cinnamomea is an indigenous medicinal mushroom in Taiwan, commonly used for the treatment of cancers and inflammatory disorders. 4-acetylantroquinonol B (4AAQB) is one of the active component isolated fr...

    Authors: Chien-Hsin Chang, Chun-Chieh Hsu, An-Sheng Lee, Shih-Wei Wang, Kung-Tin Lin, Wei-Luen Chang, Hui-Chin Peng, Wen-Chiung Huang and Ching-Hu Chung

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:108

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Dependence on antipsycotic drugs like aripriprazole (ARI) is increasing at alarming rate, hence, this study was undertaken to support the hypothesis that supplementation of Citrus paradisi (Grapefruit) juice havi...

    Authors: Seema Zargar, Abdul-Rahman A. Al-Majed and Tanveer A. Wani

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:106

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Laminaria japonica has frequently been used as a food supplement and drug in traditional oriental medicine. Among the major active constituents responsible for the bioactivities of L. japonica, fucoxanthin (FX) h...

    Authors: Eun Jeong Jang, Sang Chan Kim, Ju-Hee Lee, Jong Rok Lee, Il Kon Kim, Su Youn Baek and Young Woo Kim

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:97

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Zingiber zerumbet (L.) Smith belongs to the Zingiberaceae family that is widely distributed throughout the tropics, particularly in Southeast Asia. It is locally known as ‘Lempoyang’ and traditionally used to tre...

    Authors: Asmah Hamid, Farah Wahida Ibrahim, Teoh Hooi Ming, Mohd Nazir Nasrom, Norelina Eusoff, Khairana Husain and Mazlyzam Abdul Latif

    Citation: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2018 18:101

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