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Table 1 Characteristics of Parents and their Children with ASD

From: Parental satisfaction and perception of Progress in influencing the Practice of complementary health approaches in children with autism: a cross sectional survey from Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia

N = 48 n %
Current Age (Range: 3.3–12.6 years)   
< 24 months 0 0
• 2–5 years 16 33.3
• > 5 years 32 66.7
Race   
• Malay 34 70.8
• Chinese 9 18.8
• Indian 5 10.4
Age first suspected   
• < 24 months 8 16.7
• 2–5 years 35 72.9
• > 5 years 5 10.4
Age diagnosed   
• < 24 months 3 6.3
• 2–5 years 31 64.5
• > 5 years 14 29.2
*Person who first raised the suspicion   
• Parent 33 63.5
• Relative 4 7.7
• Teacher 5 9.6
• Family Friend 4 7.7
• Nurse 2 3.8
• Doctor 4 7.7
Siblings   
• Only Child 5 10.4
• 1 sibling 3 6.3
• > 1 siblings 40 83.3
Parent’s household income (RM)   
• Low (< 3000) 23 47.9
• Middle (3001–10,000) 19 39.6
• High (> 10,000) 3 6.3
Parent’s highest education level   
• Never attended formal education 0 0
• Primary school 1 2.1
• Secondary school 12 25.0
• College 14 29.2
• University 15 31.3
• Post graduate 6 12.5
Risk Factors   
• None 37 74.0
• Prematurity 2 4.0
• Family history of ASD 10 20.0
• Others 1 2.0
Body Mass Index (BMI)   
• Underweight 6 12.5
• Normal 34 70.8
• Overweight/Obese 8 16.7
Co-morbid Conditions*   
• None 21 42.0
• Global development delay/Intellectual disability 11 22.0
• Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) 10 20.0
• Sleep issues 4 8.0
• Epilepsy 1 2.0
• Gastrointestinal issues 1 2.0
• Anxiety 1 2.0
• Others 1 2.0
Therapy at Private centers (n = 16)*   
• Early Intervention Programme/ Occupational therapy 15 31.3
• Applied Behavioral Analysis 1 2.1
• Tuition (One to one) 1 2.1
• Swimming class 1 2.1
• Art class 1 2.1
Parental Perception of the Causes of ASD*   
• Unknown/ Genetic 39 73.6
• Medical related causes 4 7.5
• Non-medical related causes 10 18.9
Number of Complementary Health Approaches Practiced   
• None 31 64.6
• 1 10 20.8
• 2 or more 7 14.6
  1. *Some have more than one answer, thus the total will not add up to 100%