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Table 1 Primer sequences of target genes in the rat model

From: The effects of a hirudin/liposome complex on a diabetic nephropathy rat model

Genes Primer sequence (5′-3′)
β-actin Forward: ACC CGC GAG TAC AAC CTT CT
Reverse: TCA GGG TCA GGA TGC CTC T
TGF-β1 Forward: CTT TGG ATG CCG CCT ATT GC
Reverse: CCC CAG CAC AGA AGT TAG CA
VEGF Forward: CCT GGC TTT ACT GCT GTA CCT
Reverse: GCT GGT AGA CGT CCA TGA ACT