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Table 4 Yoga included studies

From: Mind-body practices for people living with HIV: a systematic scoping review

Project identifier Design Sample size Intervention/duration Outcome/time
[35] USA one group pretest-posttest design 48 BMSG 10 yoga, nutrition, hardiness, alternatives therapies g.s. /10 weeks Post-int
[36] USA one group pretest-posttest design + QA 4 YG 16 Iyengar yoga g.s. /8 weeks Post-int ↓ pain ↓ anxiety
[37] India one group pretest-posttest design 96 YGNA Twice daily yoga, hydrotherapy, diet therapy and sun bath /1 to 180 days – (average- 4 weeks) Post-int ↑ CD4 counts
[38] Canada RCT + QA 20 YG 27 yogic breathing and meditation g.s. /14 weeks Post-int ↑ well-being
27 CG usual care
[20, 113] USA RCT 29 YG 18 Ashtanga Vinyasa yoga i.s. + 22 Ashtanga Vinyasa yoga g.s. /20 weeks Post-int ↓ trans fat intake ↓ blood pressure
21 CG usual care
[39] conference abstract India RCT YG 35 90 yoga s. /12 weeks Post-int ↓ distress
CG 35 usual care
[40, 114] Zambia RCT adolescents   Post-int ↓ emotional symptom ↑ CD4 counts
12 YGPS 20 yoga g.s. and group discussion /10 weeks
11 PS 20 group discussion /10 weeks
11 CG usual care
[41] India RCT 31 YG 12 sudarshan kriya yoga g.s. of 2 h /12 weeks Post-int ↑ QoL
30 CG usual care
[42] USA pilot RCT 12 YG 16 yoga g.s. /8 weeks Post-int & 4 months Feasible and acceptable ↓ distress ↓ stress
12 CG usual care
  1. BMSG behavioral medicine support group, g.s group sessions, Post-int: post-intervention, QA qualitative approach, YG yoga, RCT randomized control trial, CG control group, i.s individual sessions, YGPS yoga and peer support, PS pair support, YGNA yoga and naturopathy interventions, QoL quality of life