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Table 11 Unspecified relaxation included studies

From: Mind-body practices for people living with HIV: a systematic scoping review

Project identifier Design Sample size Intervention/duration Outcome/time
[105] USA case series (one group pretest-post-test design) 4 CBT-AD 8 behavioral activation, cognitive restructuring, problem solving, adherence tools, relaxation i.s. Post-int ↓ depression ↑ adherence
[106] USA untreated control group with pretest and post-test design N = 50 ? SMG 10 stress management techniques, relaxation training, problem-solving skills and effective coping styles g.s. of 2 h /10 weeks Post-int ↑ mood ↑ coping
? CG usual care
[107] USA RCT N = 64 ? SMG 8 systematic relaxation, health habit change, skills for managing stress g.s. of 2 h /8 weeks Post-int ↓ sexual partners
? WL wait-list
[108] USA RCT 32 C 1 tailored counseling i.s 3 months To C + SPT + R: ↓ anxiety ↓ psychiatric symptoms
31 C + V + R 3 counseling, information video about HIV and relaxation (abdominal breathing, imaging i.s. of 45 min /3 weeks
40 C + SPT + R 6 tailored counseling, cognitive behavioral treatment for depression, stress and anxiety (education, personal control, training to manage challenging situations) and systematic relaxation i.s. of 1 h / 6 weeks
[109, 162] South-Africa RCT 14 EG 8 cognitive-behavioral therapy, aerobic exercise, biofeedback-assisted relaxation i.s. of 1 h30 + relaxation home practice /8 weeks Post-int ↓ depression ↑ mood ↑ lymphocyte counts
12 CG 8 individual counseling (psychological and medical aspects of the AIDS) i.s. of 1 h30 /8 weeks
[110, 163] USA RCT 46 CET 10 stress management, coping strategies, social support, relaxation g.s. of 1 h30 on 10 weeks + 6 boosters stress management sessions /12 months Post-int & 6 and 12 months ↓ stress ↓ burnout ↓ anxiety ↑ coping self-efficacy
44 HIV-I 10 HIV information g.s. of 1 h30 on 10 weeks + 6 boosters information sessions /12 months
31 WL wait-list
[111] Netherland RCT 44 GI 17 stress management, coping skills, social support, relaxation, written HIV information g.s. of 2 h30 on 16 weeks + 5 stress management, coping skills, social support, relaxation g.s. /9 months Post-int ↑ coping
41 EC written hiv information
[112] China RCT 6 CBP 7 coping skills, social support, cognitive restructuring, behavior change strategies, relaxation, g.s. of 2 h + daily relaxation home practice/ 7 weeks Post-int ↑ mood ↑ QoL
7 WL wait list
  1. CBT-AD cognitive behavioral technique and adherence tools, i.s individual sessions, Post-int post intervention, SMG stress management group, g.s group sessions, CG control group, WL wait list, C counseling, C + V + R counseling, video and relaxation, C + SPT + R counseling, stress prevention training and relaxation, EG experimental group, CET coping effectiveness training, HIV-I information about HIV, GI group intervention, EC educational control, CBP cognitive behavioral program