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Table 2 MICs and MFCs of Pistachio Essential Oil (expressed as mg/ml) and antifungal compounds (expressed as µg/ml) against Candida sp.

From: In vitro evaluation of the activity of an essential oil from Pistacia vera L. variety Bronte hull against Candida sp.

STRAIN VORICONAZOLE FLUCONAZOLE CASPOFUNGIN Pistachio Essential Oil
MIC MFC MIC MFC MIC MFC MIC MFC
Candida glabrata strain 9 0.015–0.031 1 8–8 8 0.015–0.031 1 2.5–5.0 5.0
Candida glabrata strain 25 0.015–0.031 0.031 0.25–0.5 0.5 0.125–0.25 1 5.0 5.0
Candida glabrata strain 33 > 16 / > 64 / 0.125–0.25 1 1.25–2.50 5.0
Candida parapsilosis strain 26 0.015–0.031 0.031 0.5–1 1 0.5–0.25 0.5 1.25–2.50 2.50
Candida parapsilosis strain 30 0.015–0.031 0.031 0.5–1 1 0.125–0.25 0.5 1.25–2.50 2.50
Candida parapsilosis strain 34 0.125–0.25 0.25 8–4 8 0.25–0.5 0.5 1.25–2.50 2.50
Candida albicans strain 12 > 16 / > 64 / 0.0075–0.015 0.015 5.0 5.0
Candida albicans strain 13 > 16 / > 64 / ≤0.0019 / 5.0 5.0
Candida albicans strain 16 > 16 / > 64 / 0.015 0.015 5.0 5.0
Candida albicans strain 17 > 16 / > 64 / ≤0.0019 / 5.0 5.0
Candida albicans ATCC 64550 1 1 32 32 0.0625 0.0625 2.50–5.0 5.0
Candida parapsilosis ATCC 22019 0.062 0.062 4 8 1–2 1 1.25–2.50 2.50
  1. MIC Minimum Inhibitory Concentration, MFC Minimum Fungicidal Concentration