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Table 2 Effect of RA-3 on serum antioxidants and C-peptide levels of the diabetic animals

From: A Lanosteryl triterpene from Protorhus longifolia augments insulin signaling in type 1 diabetic rats

Group GSH (nmol/mL) SOD (Inhibition rate %) CAT (Units/mL) C-peptide (μg/L)
Non-diabetic control 7.33 ± 0.010 56 ± 0.005 0.12 ± 0.005 0.8 ± 0.010
Diabetic control 4.31 ± 0.150*** 29 ± 0.040** 0.05 ± 0.006* 0.5 ± 0.220****
Diabetic + RA-3 6.05 ± 0.130*# 55 ± 0.011# 0.10 ± 0.004# 0.8 ± 1.020####
Diabetic + metformin 6.40 ± 0.140*# 54 ± 0.012# 0.10 ± 0.006# 0.8 ± 0.410####
  1. Results are expressed as the mean ± SEM, n = 5. * p ≤ 0.05, ** p ≤ 0.01, *** p ≤ 0.001, **** p ≤ 0.0001 versus non-diabetic control, # p ≤ 0.05, #### p ≤ 0.0001 versus diabetic control