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Table 3 Percent CAM usea (standard error) by demographics among children with mental health conditions and without any mental health condition during the past 12 months

From: Complementary and alternative medicine use among children with mental health issues: results from the National Health Interview Survey

Demographics ADHD/ADD (n = 986) Autism/autism spectrum (n = 139) Anxiety/Depression (n = 932) Childhood Stress (n = 908) Any Mental Health Condition (n = 1889) No Mental Health Conditions (n = 8134) P-valueb
Gender
 Boys 12.8 (1.4) 13.9 (1.1) 18.6 (1.8) 19.4 (2.0) 14.3 (1.4) 8.7 (0.6) <.001
 Girls 20.1 (2.8) 33.1 (5.0) 27.8 (2.2) 31.6 (2.3) 26.5 (2.0) 11.4 (0.7) <.001
Age
 4–7 10.1 (2.9) 5.7 (2.7) 11.0 (1.8) 11.5(2.4) 8.9 (2.2) 8.2 (0.7) 0.74
 8–11 14.9 (2.6) 28.8 (1.9) 24.1 (2.5) 28.6 (2.0) 20.0 (2.1) 8.3 (0.8) <.001
 12–17 16.0 (1.8) 14.6 (1.3) 24.4 (1.7) 25.9 (2.0) 21.1 (1.5) 13.0 (0.9) <.001
BMIc
 Underweight 25.7 (4.0) 33.0 (2.3) 32.0 (4.4) 27.8 (4.7) 27.6 (4.2) 16.3 (2.5) <.001
 Normal Weight 17.1 (2.3) 18.0 (1.1) 29.3 (2.5) 32.1 (2.7) 25.2 (2.2) 14.9 (1.2) <.001
 Overwght/Obese 10.7 (1.7) 7.3 (1.2) 14.8 (2.4) 15.5 (2.7) 13.2 (1.9) 9.2 (1.1) 0.069
Race
 Non-Hisp. White 15.6 (1.5) 18.1 (1.6) 23.9 (1.6) 27.2 (1.8) 20.5 (1.4) 10.8 (0.6) <.001
 Black/Hisp/other 11.8 (2.3) 13.4 (1.0) 20.3 (3.2) 19.8 (3.4) 14.2 (2.0) 8.2 (0.8) .004
Parent’s Education
 High Sch. or less 10.0 (2.2) 8.2 (0.7) 10.6 (2.1) 12.2 (1.9) 9.3 (1.5) 4.3 (0.6) .002
 Some college 10.8 (1.5) 14.5 (1.0) 20.7 (2.1) 24.7 (2.5) 16.7 (1.6) 9.6 (0.7) <.001
  ≥ Bachelor’s 25.4 (2.8) 23.5 (2.7) 36.9 (3.2) 38.3 (3.2) 31.1 (2.4) 15.1 (1.0) <.001
Income
  ≤ $34,999 6.5 (1.2) 12.7 (0.8) 13.3 (1.9) 14.4 (2.0) 9.4 (1.2) 6.0 (0.6) .013
 $35,000–$74,999 13.2 (2.0) 14.5 (2.2) 21.5 (2.7) 28.5 (3.1) 19.1 (2.2) 9.4 (0.8) <.001
  ≥ $75,000 25.5 (3.0) 24.3 (2.5) 36.0 (3.2) 34.9 (2.8) 30.2 (2.4) 13.9 (0.9) <.001
Region
 Northeast 17.7 (4.4) 9.2 (1.3) 19.6 (3.6) 22.0 (3.0) 17.6 (3.1) 9.8 (1.2) .020
 Midwest 15.0 (1.8) 18.5 (1.5) 25.7 (3.0) 24.9 (3.5) 19.6 (2.1) 13.2 (1.3) .012
 South 10.6 (1.7) 19.7 (1.9) 16.1 (1.9) 21.1 (2.2) 14.3 (1.5) 6.4 (0.5) <.001
 West 23.4 (4.5) 13.7 (3.6) 33.3 (3.1) 35.0 (3.5) 28.9 (3.3) 13.0 (1.1) <.001
Health Insurance Status
 Yes 15.0 (1.3) 15 (1.2) 23.6 (1.4) 26.2 (1.6) 19.4 (1.2) 10.2 (0.5) <.001
 No 3.3 (3.2) -- (−-)d 10.6 (5.4) 13.2 (5.4) 12.5 (3.5) 9.0 (1.7) 0.32
  1. a Any of 17 Cam modalities
  2. b Survey weighted Wald F-statistic comparing percent CAM use between children with any mental health condition to those children with no mental health condition
  3. c BMI was recorded only for children 12 years old and greater
  4. d Unreliable estimates due to there being only six children with Autism/autism spectrum disorder from families without health insurance are not reported