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Table 2 Percent CAM use (standard error1) for top six CAM approaches used among children aged 4–17 without and with common mental health conditions in the NHIS child CAL supplement

From: Complementary and alternative medicine use among children with mental health issues: results from the National Health Interview Survey

Mental Health Condition Herbs Chiropractic Yoga Deep Breathing Meditation Homeopathy Any CAM Use
ADHD/ADD
 Yes (n = 986) 9.0 (1.1) †† 3.2 (0.8) 2.4 (0.6) 2.5 (0.6) 1.9 (0.5) 1.3 (0.5) 14.8 (1.5)*
 No (n = 9037) 4.4 (0.3) 3.5 (0.3) 3.3 (0.2) 2.7 (0.2) 1.9 (0.2) 1.8 (0.2) 11.5 (0.5)
Autism
 Yes (n = 139) 8.0 (2.7) 1.2 (0.1)* 5.9 (2.4) 4.7 (2.1) 5.0 (2.3) 3.9 (2.3) 16.8 (4.5)
 No (n = 9884) 4.8 (0.3) 3.5 (0.3) 3.2 (0.2) 2.7 (0.2) 1.8 (0.2) 1.7 (0.2) 11.7 (0.5)
Anxiety or Depression
 Yes (n = 932) 10.4 (1.2) †† 6.9 (1.0) 6.8 (1.0) †† 6.7 (1.0) †† 6.1 (1.0) †† 3.4 (0.8)* 23.2 (1.6)††
 No (n = 9091) 4.3 (0.3) 3.2 (0.3) 2.9 (0.2) 2.3 (0.2) 1.5 (0.1) 1.6 (0.2) 10.7 (0.5)
Childhood Stress
 Yes (n = 908) 12.0 (1.4) †† 8.0 (1.2) †† 6.6 (1.0) †† 6.4 (0.9) †† 5.1 (0.9) †† 4.4 (1.0) 25.7 (1.9) ††
 No (n = 9115) 4.2 (0.3) 3.0 (0.3) 2.9 (0.2) 2.3 (0.2) 1.6 (0.1) 1.5 (0.1) 10.5 (0.5)
Any Mental Health Condition
 Yes (n = 1889) 9.1 (0.8) †† 5.3 (0.7) 4.7 (0.6) 4.5 (0.5) †† 3.7 (0.5) †† 2.5 (0.5) 19.2 (1.2) ††
 No (n = 8134) 3.9 (0.3) 3.1 (0.3) 2.9 (0.2) 2.3 (0.2) 1.5 (0.1) 1.6 (0.2) 10.1 (0.5)
  1. 1percentages are adjusted for sample weights and standard errors are adjusted for the complex survey design
  2. 2Survey weighted Wald F-statistic comparing percent CAM use between children with the mental health condition to those without the mental health condition < 0.05*, < 0.01, < 0.001††
  3. 3Any of 17 Cam modalities listed in the methods section