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Table 1 Percentage of children in demographic subgroupsa (standard error) with mental health conditionb for the association of the demographic characteristic with the condition

From: Complementary and alternative medicine use among children with mental health issues: results from the National Health Interview Survey

Demographics N ADHD/ ADD Autism/ autism spectrum Anxiety/ Depression Childhood Stress Any Mental Health Condition
Gender
 Boys 5105 14.3 (0.6) †† 2.2 (0.3) †† 8.7 (0.5) 8.4 (0.5) 21.9 (0.7) ††
 Girls 4918 5.7 (0.4) 0.4 (0.1) 8.9 (0.5) 9.4 (0.5) 15.4 (0.7)
Age
 4–7 2755 5.1 (0.5) †† 1.3 (0.3) 2.7 (0.4) †† 2.0 (0.3) †† 8.7 (0.7) ††
 8–11 2730 11.8 (0.8) 1.5 (0.3) 9.8 (0.7) 8.3 (0.6) 19.5 (0.9)
 12–17 4538 12.2 (0.6) 1.2 (0.2) 12.2 (0.6) 13.8 (0.7) 24.8 (0.8)
BMIc
 Underweight 558 15.1 (1.9)* 0.8 (0.4) 12.4 (1.8) 12.0 (1.6) 27.2 (2.4)
 Normal Weight 2237 10.6 (0.8) 1.2 (0.3) 12.1 (0.9) 14.7 (1.0) 23.9 (1.1)
 Overweight/Obesity 1743 13.4 (1.1) 1.5 (0.4) 12.2 (1.0) 13.1 (1.0) 25.0 (1.4)
Race
 Non-Hisp. White 7069 10.6 (0.4)* 1.3 (0.2) 9.4 (0.5) †† 9.5 (0.5) 19.7 (0.6) ††
 Black/Hisp./Other 2954 8.8 (0.7) 1.5 (0.3) 7.0 (0.6) 7.1 (0.6) 15.9 (0.9)
Parent’s Education
 High school or less 3198 10.3 (0.7) †† 0.8 (0.2) 8.4 (0.7)* 8.1 (0.7) 17.9 (0.9) ††
 Some college 3521 12.2 (0.7) 1.7 (0.3) 10.1 (0.6) 10.5 (0.6) 21.9 (0.8)
 Bachelors or higher 3301 8.1 (0.6) 1.4 (0.2) 7.9 (0.6) 7.9 (0.6) 16.3 (0.8)
Income
  ≤ $34,999 3584 12.1 (0.8) 1.1 (0.2)* 10.4 (0.6) 9.9 (0.7) 22.0 (1.0) ††
 $35,000–$74,999 3024 9.8 (0.7) 2.0 (0.3) 8.8 (0.7) 9.0 (0.7) 18.1 (0.9)
  ≥ $75,000 3412 8.8 (0.6) 1.0 (0.2) 7.5 (0.6) 7.9 (0.6) 16.4 (0.8)
Region
 Northeast 1624 8.5 (0.8) †† 1.2 (0.3) 8.4 (0.7) 7.7 (0.9) 15.8 (1.0)
 Midwest 1958 11.7 (1.0) 1.3 (0.3) 9.8 (0.8) 9.4 (0.8) 20.3 (1.2)
 South 3616 12.0 (0.6) 1.6 (0.3) 8.4 (0.6) 8.6 (0.6) 20.2 (0.8)
 West 2825 6.8 (0.7) 1.0 (0.2) 8.9 (0.7) 9.7 (0.8) 16.9 (1.0)
Health Insurance Status
 Yes 9543 10.3 (0.4) †† 1.3 (0.1) 8.9 (0.4) 8.9 (0.4) 18.8 (0.5)
 No 480 5.1 (1.2) 1.8 (0.8) 7.6 (1.4) 8.6 (1.5) 15.7 (2.1)
  1. a Percentages are weighted for survey design
  2. b Mental health condition within past 12 months
  3. c BMI was recorded only for children 12 years old and above; among those, 266 had missing BMI leaving 4272 children with BMI recorded. P-values for survey weighted Wald F-statistic for testing the association of the demographic characteristic and the presence of the mental health condition: < 0.05*, < 0.01, < 0.001††