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Table 1 Serum levels of cytokines in LPS- and AMD-treated mice

From: Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch.) Bunge repairs intestinal mucosal injury induced by LPS in mice

Parameters Controls LPS AMD
TNF-α (pg/mL) 15.64 ± 1.04 50.30 ± 8.26* 7.29 ± 1.12
IL-1β (pg/mL) 6.21 ± 0.45 9.36 ± 0.71* 7.26 ± 0.45
IL-4 (pg/mL) 3.47 ± 0.33 11.81 ± 0.39* 3.65 ± 0.43
IL-6 (pg/mL) 11.34 ± 0.21 14.25 ± 0.36* 8.96 ± 0.63
IL-8 (pg/mL) 9.51 ± 1.07 11.86 ± 0.66* 7.93 ± 1.13
  1. The data are expressed as the mean ± SD (n = 10 per treatment group). *Statistically different from the control group;*P < 0.05. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL) IL-1β, IL-4,IL-6 and IL-8