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Table 3 Univariate analyses of patients’ characteristics associated with CAM use and demand for integrative therapeutic approaches

From: Demand for integrative medicine among women in pregnancy and childbed: a German survey on patients’ needs

  CAM use Demand for CAM Demand for relaxation therapies Demand for dietary counseling
Characteristics Users (n = 236) Non-users (n = 158) p-value Interest (n = 200) No interest (n = 194) p-value Interest (n = 174) No interest (n = 220) p-value Interest (n = 112) No interest (n = 282) p-value
Age ± SD 32.8 ± 4.5 30.9 ± 5.4 p < 0.001 32.7 ± 4.6 31.0 ± 5.5 p = 0.036 32.3 ± 4.8 31.9 ± 5.2 p = 0.412 31.9 ± 4.8 32.1 ± 5.1 p = 0.683
BMI ± SD 23.7 ± 4.2 24.4 ± 4.9 p = 0.102 23.6 ± 4.4 24.7 ± 4.6 p = 0.042 24.3 ± 5.3 23.8 ± 3.8 p = 0.267 24.3 ± 4.6 23.9 ± 4.5 p = 0.354
Marital status (%) P = 0.013   p = 0.070    p = 0.085    p = 0.174
 Married/partner 87.3 77.8   86.1 79.0   79.9 86.4   89.5 85.1  
 Unmarried 12.7 22.2 13.9 21.0   20.1 13.6 20.5 14.9
Employment (%)    p < 0.001    p < 0.001    p < 0.001    p = 0.378
 Employed 89.4 59.5 86.9 60.8   86.8 70.0 80.4 76.2
 Unemployed 10.6 40.5 13.1 39.2   13.2 30.0 19.6 23.8
Education (%) p < 0.001   p < 0.001    p = 0.001    p = 0.136
 No graduation/secondary modern school (9 years) 7.6 37.3   8.4 39.2   13.2 24.5 19.6 19.5  
 Secondary modern school (10 years) 15.3 15.8 14.3 17.4   12.1 18.2 9.8 17.7
 Grammar school 77.1 46.8 77.3 43.4   74.7 57.3 70.5 62.8
Physical activity (%) p < 0.001   p < 0.001    p = 0.311    p = 0.272
 Never/sometimes 51.3 70.9   52.9 69.9   56.3 61.4   58.9 59.2  
 1-2× per week 35.6 20.3 37.1 16.1   33.3 26.4   25.9 30.9
 3-4× per week/daily 13.1 8.9 10.0 14.0   10.3 12.3   15.2 9.9
CAM use (%)     p < 0.001    p = 0.015    p = 0.835
 CAM user 72.1 38.5   66.7 54.5   60.7 59.6
 Non-CAM user 27.9 61.5   33.3 45.5   39.3 40.4