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Table 1 Polyherbal formulas and their medical uses

From: Antioxidant capacities and total phenolic contents of 20 polyherbal remedies used as tonics by folk healers in Phatthalung and Songkhla provinces, Thailand

Remedies Method of preparation and administration Traditional uses
THP-R001a Pounded, dried, mixed with honey and made into boluses refreshing and rejuvenating effect on the entire body; reduces joint and muscle pain and flatulence
Take one bolus twice a day before meals
THP-R002a Pound, mixed with boiled water or honey and made into boluses; take 4–5 boluses thrice a day before meals nourishes the skin; promotes blood circulation and used as a blood tonic
THP-R003a Pounded, dried, mixed with honey and made into boluses; take 2–4 boluses twice a day before meals health tonic and promotes longevity
THP-R004a Pounded, dried, mixed with honey and made into boluses; take one bolus once a day before meals health tonic, skin refreshment, and promotes longevity
THP-R005b Dried and boiled with water; drink 40–50 mL thrice a day before meals carminative and a tonic
THP-R006b Pounded, dried, mixed with honey and made into boluses; take two boluses twice a day after meals stimulating and rejuvenating the entire body
THP-R007b Pounded and infused in hot water (90–97 °C, 3–5 min); drink 100–150 mL of the infusion twice a day after meals health promoting and hypolipidemic agents
THP-R008c Dried, boiled with water, and filtered the infusion; drink 50–60 mL twice a day after meals used as a health tonic and used to treat fatigue
THP-R009c Dried, boiled with water, and filtered the infusion or pounded, dried, mixed with honey and made into boluses; drink 50–60 mL or take two boluses twice a day after meals health tonic, sex stimulant, or sexual performance enhancer
THP-R010d Extracted by boiling water for at least 3 h; drink 40–50 mL thrice a day before meals an appetite inducer and tonic
THP-R011e Pounded, dried, and made tinctures (alcohol extract) or mixed with honey and made into boluses; drink 30 mL or take three boluses once a day before meals nourishing and tonifying agents; reduces joint and muscle pain, and applied as a sex stimulant
THP-R012f Dried, boiled with water, and filtered the infusion; drink 40–50 mL thrice a day before meals improvement blood circulation tonic
THP-R013g Extracted by boiling water for at least 3 h; drink 10–20 mL thrice a day before meals stimulates and rejuvenates the entire body
THP-R014h Dried, boiled with water, and filtered the infusion; drink 5 mL thrice a day before meals health tonic and sex stimulant; reduces joint and muscle pain and lowers blood glucose
THP-R015h Extracted by boiling water for 15 min; drink 5 mL thrice a day before meals tonic, sexual performance enhancer, and lowering blood glucose
THP-R016h Pounded, dried, and mixed approximately 5 g with 100 mL of warm water; drink once a day before meals stimulate and rejuvenate the entire body
THP-R017i Pounded, dried, and mixed approximately 5 g with 100 mL of warm water; drink once a day before meals blood tonic, reduce joint and muscle pain
THP-R018j Extracted by boiling water for at least 3 h and filtered the infusion; drink 50 mL thrice a day before meals stimulate and rejuvenate the entire body
THP-R019k Pounded, dried, extracted by boiling in water, and filtered the infusion; drink 50 mL once a day before meals blood tonic; reduce joint and muscle pain
THP-R020k Pounded, dried, and made tinctures (water extract); drink 50 mL once a day before meals health tonic
  1. The traditional healers who prescribed the remedies were aMr. Prayut Boonyug, bMr. But Parnpradit, cMr. Yayo Lumkun, dMr. Num Nokkeaw, eMr. Prasert Kaewpradit, fMr. Nhom Ratchgaew, gMr. Somporn Chanwanisakul, hMr. Yop Lomsa, iMr. Lep Boonmee, jMr. Kart Eatmong, and kMr. Rowan Watjirasoporn