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Table 1 Compounds detected by GC-MS analysis and biological activities of the identified bioactive compounds from AAB and AAS extract

From: Anti-proliferative and cytotoxic activities of Allium autumnale P. H. Davis (Amaryllidaceae) on human breast cancer cell lines MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231

  Compound Name Allium autumnale bulb % contenta Allium autumnale stem % contenta Biological Activity
1 9-Octadecenoic acid (Z)-, ethyl ester (CAS) Ethyl oleate 6.55% 3.93% Anti-cancer, anti-proliferative [16,17,18], anti-oxidantant, anti-microbial [25]
2 Octadecamethyl cyclononasiloxane 4.87% 4.26% Anti-fungal [26]
3 Tetrapentacosane 2.43% 5.69% _
4 L-Isoleucine (CAS) Isoleucine, L- 6.55% _ Plasma glucose lowering amino acid [23]
5 Heptadecanoic acid, ethyl ester (CAS) Ethyl n-heptadecanoate 0.47% 0.68% Anti-microbial [27]
6 Hexadecanoic acid (CAS) Palmitic acid 1.54% 1.16% Anti-tumoral [28], anti-microbial, anti-oxidant, decrease blood cholesterol, anti-inflammatory [18]
7 1,2-Benzenedicarboxylic acid, diethyl ester (CAS) Ethyl phthalate 1.35% 2.85% Anti-cancer [27], anti-microbial, anti-fungal, anti-malarial [17, 18], anti-oxidant, anti-scabies, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic [29]
8 Trisulfide, dimethyl (CAS) 2,3,4-Trithiapentane 3.31% 0.19% Anti-proliferative and apoptotic [24], anti-microbial [30]
9 (−)-1 L–Cyclohex-5-ene-1,3/2,4-tetrol 4.73% 10.61% Anti-feedant, antibiotic, anti-leukemic [31]
10 14-.Beta.-H-Pregna 1.18% 3.56% __
11 Pentadecanoic acid 1.66% 1.12% Anti-microbial, anti-fungal [32]
12 Quinic acid 1.74% _ Astringent [33]
  1. a% peak area relative to GC-MS chromatogram