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Fig. 6 | BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Fig. 6

From: Dual action of highbush blueberry proanthocyanidins on Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans and the host inflammatory response

Fig. 6

Effect of highbush blueberry PACs on the secretion of a IL-1β, b TNF-α, c IL-6, and d CXCL8 by macrophages stimulated with A. actinomycetemcomitans LPS. The commercial inhibitor BAY-11-7082 (25 μM) was used as a positive inhibitory control. Results are expressed as the means ± SD of triplicate assays from three independent experiments. Φ: significant increase (p < 0.001) compared to unstimulated control cells. *: significant decrease (p < 0.001) compared to LPS-stimulated cells not treated with highbush blueberry PACs

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