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Table 1 Hydrochemical analysis of high mineral spring water

From: Balneotherapeutic effects of high mineral spring water on the atopic dermatitis-like inflammation in hairless mice via immunomodulation and redox balance

Mineral Content Standard (mg/L) HMW (mg/L)
Potassium (K+) 5 9.84
Magnesium (Mg2+) 25 183
Calcium (Ca2+) 5-500 2820
Sodium (Na+) 200 2900
Chlorine (Cl) 250 9660
Sulphate (SO4 2−) 250 1000
Lithium (Li) 0.02 14.1
Strontium (Sr) 0.46 91.6
Manganese (Mn) 0.3 21.0
Lead (Pb) 0.05 0.05
Zinc (Zn) 1.0 0.03
silicon dioxide (SiO2) 1-30 11.8
Iron (Fe) 0.3 0.02
Copper (Cu) 0.003 0.03
Fluoride (F) 1.5 0.52
pH   7.53
Total dissolved solids 500 17,766
  1. The above analysis is performed by using the inductively coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometer (ICP-MS) and a Thermo Scientific iCAP 6500 duo Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometer (ICP-AES) by Korea Institute of Geosciences and Mineral Resources (Daejeon, Republic of Korea). HMW High mineral spring water