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Table 5 The top ten most commonly prescribed formulas for patients with dysfunctional uterine bleeding

From: The utilization of traditional Chinese medicine in patients with dysfunctional uterine bleeding in Taiwan: a nationwide population-based study

Pin-yin name English name Constitutions Indication for TCM syndrome Frequency of prescription, times (%) Average daily dose (g)
Pin-yin name Chinese material medica name Botanical name DUB related DUB unrelated
Jia-Wei-Xiao-Yao-San Bupleurum and Peony Formula Dang-Gui Radix Angelicae Sinensis Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels Irregular menstruation because of spleen qi deficiency and liver blood deficiency with heat, liver qi stagnation Irritability, abdominal pain, depression 7654 (0.14) 7.3
Fu-Ling Poria, Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf
Zhi-Zi Fructus Gardeniae Gardenia jasminoides J.Ellis
Bo-He Herba Menthae Haplocalycis Mentha haplocalyx Briq.Field
Bai-Shao Radix Paeoniae Alba Paeonia lactiflora Pall
Chai-Hu Radix Bupleuri Bupleurum chinense DC.
Gan-Cao Radix Glycyrrhizae Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch
Bai-Zhu Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae Atractylis macrocephala Koidz
Mu-Dan-Pi Cortex Moutan Radicis Paeonia suffruticosa Andr.
Wei-Jiang Rhizoma Zingiberis officinales Zingiber officinale Rosc.
Dang-Gui-Shao-Yao-San Dang Gui and Peony Powder Dang-Gui Radix Angelicae Sinensis Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels Liver blood deficiency Abdominal pain, dizziness, edema with inhibited urination 3147 (0.06) 6.6
Fu-Ling Poria Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf
Bai-Shao Radix Paeoniae Alba Paeonia lactiflora Pall.
Bai-Zhu Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz
Chuan-Xiong Rhizoma Chuanxiong Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort.
Ze-Xie Rhizoma Alismatis Alisma plantago-aquatica L.
Gui-Zhi- Fu-Ling-Wan Cinnamon and Poria Pills Gui-Zhi Ramulus Cinnamomi Cassiae Cinnamomum cassia Blume Blood stasis in pelvic cavity Lower abdominal pain 2841 (0.05) 6.6
Fu-Ling Poria Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf
Mu-Dan-Pi Cortex Moutan Radicis Paeonia suffruticosa Andr.
Chi-Shao Radix Paeoniae Lactiforae Paeonia lactiflora Pall.
Tao-Ren Semen Persicae Prunus persica (L.) Batsch.
Wen-Jing-Tang Flow warming decoction Wu-Zhu-Yu Fructus Evodiae Rutaecarpae Evodia rutaecarpa (Juss.) Benth. Blood stasis   2345 (0.04) 6.7
Gui-Zhi Ramulus Cinnamomi Cassiae Cinnamomum cassia Blume
Dang-Gui Raidx Angelicae Sinensis Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels
Chuan-Xiong Radix Chuanxiong Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort.
Bai-Shao Radix Paeoniae Alba Paeonia lactiflora Pall.
E-Jiao Colla Corii Asini Equus asinus L.
Mai-Men-Dong Tuber Ophiopogonis Japonici Ophiopogon japonicas (Thunb.) Ker_Gawl
Mu-Dan-Pi Cortex Moutan Radicis Paeonia suffruticosa Andr.
Ren-Shen Radix Ginseng Panax ginseng C. A. Mey
Gan-Cao Radix Glycyrrhizae Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch
Sheng-Jiang Rhizoma Zingiberis officinales Zingiber officinale Rosc.
Ban-Xia Rhizoma Pinelliae Ternatae Pinellia ternate (Thunb.) Breit
Xiong-Guei-Jiao-Ai-Tang Decoction of Donkey-Skin Glue and Artemisia Chuan-Xiong Rhizoma Chuanxiong Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort. Blood deficiency Prevents miscarriage 3147 (0.06) 6.4
Dang-Gui Raidx Angelicae Sinensis Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels
E-Jiao Colla Corii Asini Equus asinus L.
Gan-Cao Radix Glycyrrhizae Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch
Shu-Di-Huang Radix Rehmanniae Rehmannia glutinosa Libosch
Bai-Shao Radix Paeoniae Alba Paeonia lactiflora Pall
Ai-Ye Folium Artemnisiae Argyi Artemisia argyi Levl. et Vant.
Gui-Pi-Tang Restore the Spleen Decoction Ren-Shen Radix Ginseng Panax ginseng C. A. Mey Blood deficiency, vaginal spotting because of qi deficiency Diarrhea because of qi deficiency in spleen 1812 (0.03) 6.7
Long-Yan-Rou Arillus Euphoriae Longanae Dimocarpus longans Lour.
Huang-Qi Radix Astragali Astragalus henryi Oliv.
Gan-Cao Radix Glycyrrhizae Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch
Bai-Zhu Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae Atractylis macrocephala Koidz
Fu-Ling Poria Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf
Mu-Xiang Radix Aucklandiae Aucklandia lappa DC.
Dang-Gui Raidx Angelicae Sinensis Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels
Suan-Zao-Ran Semen Zizyphi Spinosae Ziziphus jujube var. Spinosa (Bunge) Hu ex H. F. Chow
Yuan-Zhi Radix Polygalae Tenuifoliae Polygala tenuifolia Willd.
Sheng-Jiang Radix Zingiberis officinalis Zingiber officinale Rosc.
Da-Zao Fructus Zizyphi Jujube  
Ziziphus jujuba Mill.
Si-Wu-Tang Four Substances Decoction Shu-Di-Huang Radix Rehmanniae Rehmannia glutinosa Libosch Blood deficiency   1554 (0.03) 6.9
Bai-Shao Radix Paeoniae Alba Paeonia lactiflora Pall
Dang-Gui Radix Angelicae Sinensis Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels
Chuan-Xiong Rhizoma Chuanxiong Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort.
Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi-Tang Tonify the Middle and Augment the Qi Decoction Huang-Qi Radix Astragali Astragalus henryi Oliv. Vaginal spotting because of qi deficiency Weakness because of qi deficiency 1317 (0.02) 6.7
Ran-Shen Radix Ginseng Panax ginseng C. A. Mey
Bai-Zhu Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae Atractylis macrocephala Koidz
Gan-Cao Radix Glycyrrhizae Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch
Dang-Gui Radix Angelicae Sinensis Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels
Chen-Pi Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae Citrus reticulate Blanco
Sheng-Ma Radix Cimicifugae Cimicifuga foetida, L. var., intermedia, Regel
Chai-Hu Radix Bupleuri Bupleurum chinense DC.
Liu-Wei-Di-Huang-Wan Six Ingredient Pill with Rehmannia Shu-Di-Huang Radix Rehmanniae Rehmannia glutinosa Libosch Deficiency in liver and kidney   1286 (0.02) 7.2
Shan-Zhu-Yu Fructus corni officinalis Cornus officinalis Sieb. et Zucc.
Shan-Yao Radix Dioscoreae Oppositae Dioscorea opposite Thunb.
Fu-Ling Poria Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf
Mu-Dan-Pi Cortex Moutan Radicix Paeonia suffruticosa Andr.
Ze-Xie Rhizoma Alismatis Alisma orientale (Sam.)Juzep.
Shao-Fu-Zhu-Yu-Tang Drive Out Stasis from the Lower Abdomen Decoction Xiao-Hui-Xiang Fructus Foenichli Vulgaris Foeniculum vulgare Mill. Blood stasis and qi stagnation   1030 (0.02) 7.8
Pao-Jiang Rhizoma Zingiberis officinales Zingiber officinale Rosc.
Yan-Hu-Suo Rhizoma Corydalis Corydalis yanhusuo W. T. Wang
Dang-Gui Radis Angelicae Sinensis Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels
Chuan-Xiong Rhizoma Chuanxiong Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort.
Mo-Yao Myrrh Commiphora molmol, Engi.
Rou-Gui Ramulus Cinnamomi Cassiae Cinnamomum cassia Blume
Chi-Shao Radix Paeoniae Lactiflorae Paeonia lactiflora Pall.
Pu-Huang Pollen Typhae Typha angustifolia L.
Wu-Ling-Zhi excrementum Trogopteri Xanthipes Trogopterus xanthipes Milne-Edwards
  1. Abbreviation: TCM traditional Chinese medicine, DUB dysfunctional uterine bleeding
  2. Frequency indicates the used times of the specific herbal formula, and % indicates the used times of the specific herbal formula over the used times of all herbal formulas for DUB patients