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Table 4 The top ten most commonly prescribed herbs for patients with dysfunctional uterine bleeding

From: The utilization of traditional Chinese medicine in patients with dysfunctional uterine bleeding in Taiwan: a nationwide population-based study

Pin-yin name Chinese materia medica name Botanical name Indication for TCM syndrome Frequency of prescription, times (%) Average daily dose (g)
DUB related DUB unrelated
Yi-Mu-Cao Herba Leonuri Leonurus heterophyllus Sweet Menstrual irregularities due to blood stasis with edema   4341 (0.08) 6.9
Xiang-Fu Rhizoma Cyperi Cyperus rotundus L Irregular menstruation because of liver qi stagnation Breast distention 2802 (0.05) 6.5
Yan-Hu-Suo Rhizoma Corydalis Corydalis yanhusuo W. T. Wang Irregular menstruation because of liver qi stagnation Pain relief 1742 (0.03) 6.6
Du-Zhong Cortex Eucommiae Ulmoidis Eucommia ulmoides Oliv. Deficiency in liver and kidney Weakness of muscles, tendons, and bones 1617 (0.03) 7.6
Xian-He-Cao Herba Agrimoniae Agrimonia eupatoria L. var. pilosa Mak   Excessive bleeding 1504 (0.03) 6.8
Dan-Shen Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae Salvia miltiorrhiza Bge. Irregular menstruation because of blood and qi stagnation Pain relief 1477 (0.03) 7.9
Nu-Zhen-Zi Fructus Ligustri Lucidi Ligustrum lucidum Yin deficiency in liver and kidney   1213 (0.02) 7.2
Xu-Duan Radix Dipsaci Dipsacus asperoides, C. Y.Chent et TM Ai Deficiency in liver and kidney Weakness of muscles, tendons, and bones 1191 (0.02) 7.2
Tu-Si-Zi Semen Cuscutae Chinensis Cuscuta chinensis Lam. Yin deficiency in liver and kidney, infertility   1133 (0.02) 7.0
Chuan-Lian-Zi Fructus Meliae Toosendan Melia azedarach L. sub. Var. Toosendan Makino Liver qi stagnation Pain relief 1028 (0.02) 6.7
  1. Abbreviation: TCM traditional Chinese medicine, DUB dysfunctional uterine bleeding
  2. Frequency; the used times of the specific herb; %: the used times of the specific herb over the used times of all herbs for DUB patients